Research at Queen Margaret University (QMU) by Professor Ian Rivers
identified issues facing LGBT young people and same-sex raised children in
UK education. Rivers was the only academic member of a group formed by the
Scottish Government to recommend ways of tackling negative and
discriminatory attitudes towards LGBT people in Scotland. The Scottish
Government implemented many of the group's recommendations. Rivers'
research had an impact on (1) public policy and services in education, (2)
schools and teachers as educational practitioners, (3) health and welfare
of LGBT young people and same-sex raised children, and (4) society,
culture, and creativity, and public policy and services, beyond Scotland.
Articulate Instruments Ltd. was founded in 2003 as a research, design,
manufacturing and consulting company for users of phonetic
instrumentation. It invents, designs, markets and supports instrumental
technologies for normative and clinical speech science and for the
diagnosis and treatment of speech disorders. Products include electronic
systems, headsets, software, and methodologies, underpinned by QMU
research. Clinical use of relevant products as medical devices requires
"CE marking" to prove on-going safety and support, first achieved in
Impact relates primarily to the company's on-going financial
health and its non-academic customer base. In its first 10
years, turnover averaged ~£120k, with over 200 customers internationally,
of whom more than 50 were non-academic.
The impact is primarily in Public Health. It mainly concerns the adoption
of and demand for a speech research technology, Electropalatography (EPG),
for clinical diagnosis and treatment of speech disorders. Our continuing
long-term and interdisciplinary research into EPG has increased our impact
in this census period from the previous RAE2008, during which time the UOA
had already been awarded a Queen's Anniversary Prize (2002) for working
towards the clinical application of speech science.
Financial Support from the charitable sector and the NHS for the training
of classroom assistants and SLTs in EPG therapy is highlighted, along with
user testimonials, unmet demand, and small-scale provision of the therapy.
The model of farmers' decision-making developed by Dr Joyce Willock in
Psychology at Queen Margaret University (QMU) and co-researchers
identified the influences of socio-economic, psychological, and farming
variables on farmers' decisions. Understanding the influences on farmers'
business-oriented and environmentally-oriented decisions is important for
farmers themselves and environmental policy-makers. Findings from the
research by Willock and colleagues have had an impact on (1) Scottish
Government regulations designed to prevent nitrate pollution of the
environment, (2) farmers via the guidance they receive from the Scottish
Government, and (3) current Scottish Government policy towards agriculture
and climate change.
Public financing of health services in low income countries was
challenged by the World Bank's Agenda for Reform in 1987, which advocated
increased roles for private sector, private insurance and user fees. This
was followed by a wave of reforms implementing this approach. McPake
has been involved in researching the implications of this shift since this
period and has published a series of influential articles that have had a
demonstrable impact on this debate. Removal of user fees for all, or
selected, services or for selected population groups has occurred in many
countries, including 28 of 50 countries with the highest maternal and
child health mortality included in a recent survey (http://bit.ly/17FUiDM).
Witter is the lead researcher who has examined country level
experiences of removing fees and it is demonstrable that her work has been
applied in specific countries to shape the details of policy and has also
had a major influence on the global debate.
Over the past 15 years, research within the Nutrition and Metabolism in
Health and Disease
Theme has provided evidence to inform policy and practice in the
nutritional care of older and
nutritionally-vulnerable adults. This information has been referred to by
other bodies when
improving guidelines for nutritional management and care in residential or
Theme members have identified key changes in nutritional status and
dietary needs which occur
with advancing age; these observations have contributed to the development
associated with nutritional, food and fluid provision for the care of
vulnerable groups in hospitals
and care homes in Scotland and beyond.
This case has generated a new model of communication practice to deal
with sensitive issues and risk behaviours. A range of personal and policy
community impacts were achieved through implementing peer-led dialogue
workshops focused on young people's experiences and discussion around the
issue of alcohol. This intervention programme provided evidence of
self-realization, self-esteem and personal growth benefits among pupils in
five secondary schools in Edinburgh. The programme had an impact on the
thinking of the Scottish policy community in relation to public health
communication approaches on the issue of young people and alcohol.
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) to the ankle dorsi-flexors is an
assistive technology that aims to counter foot drop, a common symptom in
people with neurological impairment. Our research has facilitated a better
understanding of the clinical potential of FES as a means to enhance
walking capability and ultimately the quality of life of people with gait
abnormalities associated with "dropped foot". The production and
dissemination of this research has directly had an impacted on local NHS
clinical treatment practice and NHS clinical service evaluation/re-design
in support of self-managed care of people with long-term conditions such
as Cerebral Palsy, Stroke, and Multiple Sclerosis.
Integration of refugees, asylum seekers and their host communities is a
complex challenge but an important marker both of future health and
psychosocial wellbeing and of social cohesion. The UK Home Office
commissioned IIHD to undertake the Indicators of Integration (IOI)
research programme (from 2001) to clarify the IOI concept and recommend
IOI for refugee policy and practice. The Ager and Strang
IOI Framework (Ager and Strang, 2004a; 2004b; 2008) has
become a foundational framework for refugee integration policy, for the
measurement of integration and for critiquing policy and practice. Strang
was appointed to chair the Scottish Government Refugee Integration
Strategy consultation process in 2012 and has contributed by invitation to
a number of EU-commissioned policy consultations.
This case generated new ways of thinking among a self-selecting sample of
`senior' PR practitioners and delivered personal autonomy and professional
development. The term `senior' is commonly employed in PR practice and
formed the basis for discussion on practitioner conceptualisation of
professional expertise. Critical interventions extracted practitioner
accounts of their work, methodologies and impacts, and changes in
critical, conceptual thinking took place. The project created an awareness
of subjectivity in everyday practice among a collective category of
workers with regard to their information and knowledge expertise, with
implications for the practice community and wider society.