Changes to the law in the early 1990s removed the need for corroborating
or physical evidence in abuse cases and allowed videotaped evidence of a
child or other vulnerable witnesses to be used in a criminal court. This
necessitated the drawing up of guidance to help police officers and other
judicial practitioners, gather crucial evidence while minimising
unintentional influence. Research at Leicester has underpinned work to
assess and improve the effectiveness of this guidance and to create a
framework of procedural best practice. This has influenced and directed
the formation of protocols and training development of practitioners for
uniform, fair and reliable investigative interviewing of vulnerable
witnesses and for accurate identification and interrogative interviewing
of suspects in the UK and through the sharing of best practice, across the
UK and internationally.
Professor Mumby's research on the impact of parrotfish grazing on the
resilience of coral reefs has had a direct impact on the management of
Caribbean reefs and fisheries. The results of his research have influenced
conservation policy across the Caribbean and have led to the Governments
of Belize and Bonaire enacting legislation to ban fishing of parrotfish.
The work has also motivated the National Marine Fisheries Service (USA)
and the Caribbean Fishery Management Council (Puerto Rico and US Virgin
Islands) to set annual catch and size limits for parrotfish caught in US
Impacts: I) Improved provision of environmental services in
Belize, including the creation of plant
reference collections / databases and the training of conservation
professionals and students.
II) Land-management policy formation by the Government of Belize and NGOs.
Significance and reach: Over the period 2009 - July 2013 there has
been a step-change in the
quality of biodiversity monitoring carried out by NGOs and the Government
of Belize; including the
latter being better able to meet international reporting requirements.
Over the same period, 40
conservation professionals have been trained in Belize.
Underpinned by: Research into savanna plant diversity, led by the
University of Edinburgh (1996 -
In the last decade, sport has earned unprecedented recognition in
international policy circles as a tool to support international
development. Nonetheless, many have challenged this `new social movement'
(Kidd, 2008), concerned by its uncritical application of Global North
models of sport to Global South contexts. Addressing these concerns,
Brunel researchers and collaborators have drawn on the field of
international development studies to investigate how principles of local
ownership and partnership can be applied to sport. Since 2010, empirical
studies and critical conceptual analyses have contributed to this.
Specifically through building organisational capacity at local level,
supporting partnership between funders and recipient organisations, and
developing national as well as international policy guidance to ensure
community level experiences and perspectives are represented in sport for
development policy and strategies.
Our award-winning work (Aviva/Earthwatch International Award 2006) on
measuring growth of corals in relation to climate and environmental
changes linked to capacity building has informed managers and
policy-makers in developing countries of the measures required for an
integrated system of conservation and management. In Jamaica, our research
on modelling coral growth linked to discussions with local stakeholders
and the National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA) showed that
implementation of co-operative management plans can allow reef ecosystems
to withstand major physical effects; these plans have been implemented. In
Belize, we worked with local Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and the
Fisheries Department to enable them to both measure and model coral reef
growth, and so develop methods for sustaining their reefs. Our work has
enabled reef managers in Jamaica and Belize to monitor their reefs and
they have put in place new Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) so that their
reefs can be protected in times of climate and environmental change. This
has resulted in increased fishing yields in both countries.
Elizabeth Graham's model of long-standing engagement and research at
specific Maya sites in
Belize has led to significant partnerships with local communities as well
as tourist and heritage
organisations. At Lamanai, where Graham has worked for over 15 years,
research enabled the
Belize tourism authorities to develop the site, benefiting 212,800
visitors during 2008-2013. This
partnership led to an invitation to work at the Marco Gonzalez site on
Ambergris Caye, where
research has facilitated the development of the site virtually from
scratch and created a new
recognition of Maya heritage on the caye.