In 2010, the new Conservative government established the Office for
Budgetary Responsibility (OBR) to provide independent and authoritative
analysis of the UK's public finances. The economic case for an independent
body to monitor fiscal policy was based on research by Professor Simon
Wren-Lewis and his co-authors into fiscal policy rules and optimal debt
policy. This research has provided important inputs to policymakers'
thinking about fiscal councils, both in the UK and overseas. Work by
Professor Wren-Lewis has strongly influenced and shaped the design and
subsequent development of the UK's Office for Budgetary Responsibility.
Increased understanding of how a member state can influence the EU
created two kinds of impacts: changing thinking, understanding and
awareness (e.g. HM Treasury); and changing strategy and policy (e.g. EU
Committee of Regions). Impacts were generated between 2008 and 2012 on the
Polish Government, the Swedish International Development Agency, the US
Depository Trust and Clearing Corporation, civil servants in Ukraine,
Russia and the UK, the European think tank community, the Labour Party and
the EU's Committee of the Regions. Impact was generated through
consultancies to public bodies and by providing advice to governments,
international organisations and the private sector.
Research carried out in the International Observatory on End of Life Care
(IOELC) at Lancaster
University led by Professor Payne has played a major role in influencing
the strategic direction of
service and policy development globally. IOELC initiated the systematic
collation of development
data and delivered the first research-based international analysis of the
development of palliative
care. For example, research on access to opioids in 12 resource poor
countries in central and
eastern Europe via the ATOME project has delivered major impact, leading
to significant changes
in legislation and policy and improved access to pain medication, and
palliative and end of life care
for millions of people around the world.
One of the main functions of enclosures around electronic systems is to
shield electromagnetic fields and reduce their interference with other
systems. At the University of York the design of new measurement
techniques for Shielding Effectiveness (SE), new instrumentation, and
improved numerical model based design techniques have delivered more
rigorous engineering processes for smaller equipment shielding enclosures
(e.g. PCs) and large enclosures with a secondary shielding function (e.g.
These have resulted in global sales of specialist equipment to many major
electronics companies through York EMC Services Ltd, a revised
international standard for the measurement of SE and efficient modelling
techniques to determine the SE of complex composite materials.
Health Technology Assessment (HTA) is a systematic approach to evaluating
the safety, clinical
and cost effectiveness of a drug/medical intervention into the NHS.
Research and practice of HTA
enabled Liverpool University to significantly impact and influence
national and international health
policy by optimising NHS decision-making on drug adoption and other
clinical interventions, as well
as disseminating HTA expertise and application around the globe. Reach is
both geographical and
organizational, spanning the UK NHS, the European, African and Asian
healthcare systems, as
well as with members of the Pharmaceutical industry. Numerous populations,
from patients of the
UK NHS, to world-citizens, benefit as a consequence of the application of
This case study is based on a project which guides policy makers and
non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in international development policy.
`From the Local to the Global' is a project between university academics
in the UK and Ireland, academics in the Global South and NGOs. The
initiative included the publication of an edited collection of articles on
international development in 2009; the establishment of the Policy and
Practice journal; the creation of a network of organisations; the
integration of the project into a European Union Lifelong Learning project
coordinated by the Polska Akcja Humanitarna (PAH) in Warsaw; a
book adapted and translated into Slovakian, Polish and Greek; and a
lecture tour to 14 universities across Eastern Europe.
Communicable diseases are a major health burden in the developing world.
Early detection and
accurate identification of infectious agents is key to their management.
However, the complex
procedures and logistics of current diagnostic tests often make them
unsuitable for use in
developing countries. Two technology platforms have been developed that
have led to a new
generation of simple and inexpensive rapid tests that can be applied in
resource-limited settings. A
spinout company was set up to allow translation of these platforms into
new products. Three tests
(Chlamydia, Hepatitis B and HIV) were launched since 2008, with test kits
patients to receive treatment for infections which would have previously
gone unnoticed and
untreated. The spinout company has raised >$30 million, of which
>$20million is since 2008.
Research on participation in governance and related policy instruments,
with a particular focus on
interest organisations and groups, with strategic orientation of research
impact, and evidence of use at the highest level in public policy reviews
discourse/debate, as well as deliberations of advocacy groups.
Stephanie Atkinson has a long track record of research into aspects of
D&T education, focusing particularly on how people design, and the
significance of factors such as creativity, motivation, designing styles,
gender and achievement which has had considerable impact on government
policy and practice, in the training of D&T teachers, on practice in
secondary schools, public examinations, and amongst the international
D&T education community more widely. Her students (over 1000 since
1990) have either gone on to either become successful industrial and
engineering designers or they have become teachers, Heads of Department,
University Lecturers & officials in Ministries of Education in several
countries, where the impact of her research can be seen in how designing
is taught in numerous secondary schools throughout the UK, Cyprus,
Botswana, Bahrain, & Brunei.
The University of Southampton has carried out a programme of research
into transnational networks of migrants, especially musicians from African
countries, and multicultural neighbourhoods across Europe. This has
resulted in a series of popular multi-national arts events in Africa and
Europe, involving artists numbering in the hundreds and audiences in the
hundreds of thousands. These events have generated new independent
cultural projects, leading to economic benefit for organisers and
participants and to greater public awareness of migrant and mixed