The pedagogic research undertaken by the School of Law has produced an
ambitious and innovative model of clinical legal education: the in-house
live client model, which offers a university-based free legal service
offering full representation to private clients and NGOs in the form of
the Student Law Office. The Student Law Office integrates supervised legal
service in the law curriculum, thereby delivering free access to justice
to the wider community whilst benefiting the learning environment. Impact
Innovative geochemical research led by Selby at Durham has permitted
savings of up to $70M in global mineral and petroleum exploration
programmes (e.g., Andes of S. America; West of Shetlands oilfields).
Selby's research has developed a unique geochemical toolbox using rhenium,
osmium, platinum and palladium that constrain more accurate geological
models leading to better reserve predictions. The toolbox provides
previously unavailable geological time constraints and source
identification of resources (e.g., copper, gold, crude oil) that
gives mineral and/or petroleum companies an enhanced economic advantage by
improving reserve estimates and/or reducing exploration budgets and/or
minimising the environmental impacts of exploration.
Semiconductor wafers are subject to damage from misaligned handling tools, leading to cracks.
Most of these are benign, but a few propagate to cause silicon wafer breakage during high
temperature processing, leading to losses in production time costing millions of dollars per year.
Research in Durham showed that X-ray Diffraction Imaging can be used to identify which cracks
will catastrophically fail. As a consequence, Jordan Valley UK Ltd has designed and already sold
over £M [text removed for publication] worth of X-ray imaging tools to the semiconductor industry.
The company identifies this product as being critical to its continuation, safeguarding more than 25
jobs, and growth over the past 2 years.
Anxiety before dental procedures is common in children, and is usually
managed by conscious
sedation of the patient. Previously, nitrous oxide inhalation was the only
method widely used in
primary care, so patients who could not be thus sedated were referred for
general anaesthesia. In
2010, NICE published the first national guideline on medical sedation,
which states that
administration of midazolam should be considered alongside the standard
technique of nitrous
oxide inhalation for sedation of children. That recommendation is based on
robust evidence, the
majority of which came from a series of randomised controlled clinical
trials carried out by
researchers at Newcastle University. Midazolam is now deployed as a
second-line sedation option
across the UK.
The way in which UK upland hay meadows are managed and restored to
diversity has been largely determined by research carried out at Newcastle
post-war agricultural production has converted most species-rich upland
hay meadows to species-
poor rye-grass grassland so that today only 1070 ha (hectares) undisturbed
hay meadow remains.
The Newcastle research has been used by Natural England (an executive
body responsible for England's natural environment) to produce targeted
prescriptions for 2500 ha of farmland in northern England and has informed
National Park and
AONB (Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty) management on best practice for
restoration of hay meadows. The research has ensured the successful
restoration of more than
half of the remaining upland hay meadows in England.
Durham University Business School (DUBS) research concerning the nature
of trust within organizations, along with research on the methods managers
can use to build trust and to repair it after major failures, has led to
significant impacts across a wide reach of organizations. Through a series
of professional training projects, practitioner-oriented reports and media
articles the research has led to: (i) investments in training — benefiting
both the organizations involved and the individual staff members who have
undergone the training; (ii) improved effectiveness of workplace practices
in organizations; and (iii) the use of research findings by professional
bodies to define best practice. Organizations involved include UBS,
Sunderland City Council; Richmond Housing Partnership; Lloyds Banking
Group; Price Waterhouse Cooper (PWC); the Institute of Business Ethics
(IBE) and the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD).
Research produced at Northumbria on migration to and from Britain in the
nineteenth and twentieth
centuries has enriched the presentation and understanding of cultural
heritage and public
discourse in the North East of England and in South Carolina. It has
contributed to the creation of:
1) a permanent exhibit at the Discovery Museum in Newcastle
2) a series on Englishness at the Literary and Philosophical Society of
3) an exhibition in Charleston, South Carolina that will become the first
exhibition in the Lowcountry Digital Archive
This research has shaped the cultural sector's historical understanding
of the role played by
migration on English and Irish identity and resulted in more durable
collaborations between history
at Northumbria and public history practitioners.
Dr Tanja Bueltmann's research on the Scots in New Zealand has enhanced
Scottish ethnic groups'
understanding of their own history and heritage as a community in New
Zealand. Through public
talks and direct research user engagement, Bueltmann has been able to
change their perceptions
of the role the Scots played in the making of New Zealand society, as well
as of their cultural
legacies. Secondly, her research has increased awareness in Scotland,
among museum curators,
heritage sector stakeholders, and policymakers, of the central role of
associationalism in the diaspora, directly informing, shaping and changing
their practice of
presenting the diaspora to the Scottish public.
Michael Cullinane's research on anti-imperialism has influenced the way
in which history is taught in a number of secondary schools across the
United States. By making the research for his book Liberty and
American Anti-Imperialism available through lesson plans on his
Cullinane has given students and teachers access to relevant learning
resources. As a result, lesson plans and state curricula have changed.
Secondly, Cullinane has promoted a transnational and global perspective of
the Philippine-American War, which has been adopted by heritage
organisations, such as the Lopez Foundation of Balayan and the
Filipino-American Association of New England (PAMAS).
Research disseminated through the Gender and Disaster Network (GDN) has
played a pivotal role in changing attitudes and increasing recognition of
the importance of gender-insensitive disaster policy and practice. GDN is
an international collaboration between Northumbria University, UN agencies
and US and Swiss government agencies that distributes research-led
resources through an open access website (www.gdnonline.org)
co-ordinated by Dr Maureen Fordham at Northumbria. GDN resources are used
internationally by practitioners in the United Nations, national and local
governments, and non-government and corporate business organisations.
Gender analysis is now routinely incorporated in training for disaster
management and risk reduction and this is seen in official UN documents,
for example the guidance published in 2009 `Making Disaster Risk Reduction
Gender-Sensitive: Policy and Practical Guidelines' for which Fordham was a