Professor Rima's research on measles and mumps viruses over 4 decades at
allowed him to play an important role in re-establishing public confidence
in the safety of the
measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine. Claims that MMR vaccine could cause
autism in 1998
undermined the vaccine uptake but Rima's expert testimony and that of
others established in court
that these claims were unfounded. This re-assurance and subsequent
promotion of MMR
vaccination reduced measles cases in the UK. In the USA, it also reduced
the real risk that the
Vaccine Court Fund, which compensates vaccinees for genuine vaccine
related adverse events,
would be bankrupted by over 50,000 claims amounting to between $30-50
Ananya Kabir's pioneering research on how the visual arts in South Asia
express trauma generated by conflict resulted in a major exhibition at
Leeds and associated events nationwide, attracting over 130,000 visitors.
Her focus on female artistic responses enabled long-term partnerships with
South Asian cultural producers, whom she helped to connect with museums
and galleries in the UK. Through both her research and direct involvement
with impact, Kabir has facilitated transnational pathways of professional
development whilst creating and interpreting South Asian cultural capital
for British and South Asian heritage audiences.
Since June 2010, Dr Iona McCleery has led a programme of public
engagement activities including workshops in schools and museum
exhibitions. These activities enhance adults' and children's awareness of
historical food and diets and encourage participants to reflect on their
own diet through comparison with medieval lifestyles. Supported by the
Wellcome Trust, the work has been a highly successful example of original
historical research's ability to fire the public imagination and to
inspire children in formal education to follow a healthier lifestyle
(50,000 adults and children in Yorkshire have participated in the project
Ground-breaking experimental research at the University of Bristol
assessing the effectiveness of standardised tobacco packaging legislation
has been strongly influencing international tobacco policy and legislation
since 2011. Work by scientists in the School of Experimental Psychology
was the first to show, using direct, objective measures, that standardised
tobacco packaging modifies relevant behaviours. Australia became the first
country in the world to implement standardised packaging legislation in
2012 after reviewing the University of Bristol research in their High
Court in response to legal challenges from the tobacco industry. That same
year, the European Commission's update of the Tobacco Products Directive
cited the same University of Bristol research to support the claim that
standardised packaging would strengthen the effectiveness of graphic
health warnings on tobacco products. The UK government has also used the
University of Bristol research to inform the consultation on standardised
packaging of tobacco products.
Dr Chandler's publications have been extensively used and discussed
nationally and internationally by Church leaders, politicians,
journalists, public intellectuals, clergy and laity. They provide informed
historical context for discussion of contemporary religion and offer a
site for new associations and interactions. They have also impacted on the
public commemoration of historical figures who have achieved an
international reputation for the religious and moral significance of their
life and work. Chandler is Reader in History at the University of
Chichester where his position is co-funded by the Chapter of Chichester
Cathedral to support his directorship of the George Bell Institute. His
research focusses on the importance of national and international politics
in the modern British churches, Anglo-German Church relations and
ecumenical dialogues more generally.
The research findings of Claire Honess and Matthew Treherne on the
Dante's poetry and political, religious and intellectual practice in late
medieval Italy have brought
significant benefits to visitors to Florence and to the Florentine tourist
industry, to faith groups
and to the general public.
By engaging with the tourist industry, faith groups, UNESCO and regional
bodies in Italy,
through the development of online resources, and by developing new ways of
Dante's work, Honess and Treherne have enriched both cultural and
religious life in Italy, in the
UK and beyond, meeting a need identified by key partners.
Recent NHS policy has prioritised improving access to cost-effective
psychological interventions for people with mental health problems.
Research by Lucock at the Centre for Health and Social Care Research
(CHSCR) has contributed to meeting this challenge by developing and
evaluating self-help interventions which can be provided by a range of NHS
staff without professional psychotherapy or mental health training. This
work has resulted in the creation of the Self-Help Access in Routine
Primary Care (SHARP) initiative, a programme that gives practitioners
materials and training which enable them to deliver brief self-help
interventions supported by a dedicated website and a range of leaflets
that recognise service users' need for easy-to-understand material.
Feedback from practitioners on the website and training has been positive.
There is evidence of positive impacts of the training on practitioners'
confidence in their ability to deal with anxiety and depression, and in
greater use of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) approaches with patients.
Evidence from testimony demonstrates impact on practice. Research also
provides evidence of benefit to patients in terms of reduction of anxiety
and depression and goal attainment. The research has also influenced
national guidance on best practice.
University of Huddersfield research into the history of mental health
care has encouraged a broad
range of stakeholders and individuals to challenge their values and
beliefs about people who live
with mental health issues and the services they use. The work has
contributed to modern-day
policy, practice and perceptions through a series of collaborations with
health officials and
practitioners, third-sector organisations, service users and the wider
public, including museum
exhibitions, online engagement and bespoke teaching and learning
materials. Beneficiaries have
credited the research with helping to "break down the barriers and
stigmas" that surround mental
health and with developing positive attitudes towards the issue.
The domestic horse is often managed in sub-optimal conditions that
provide inadequate forage and high levels of starch leading to
respiratory, metabolic and behavioural disturbances. Research at the RAU
over the past five years has had a significant ameliorative impact upon
these welfare reducing phenomena via the development and marketing of the
In addition, impact of both nutritional and behavioural data has been
maximised via thorough dissemination of findings to the horse owning
populace via scientific reviews and lay publications.
Research on ecclesiology undertaken by Revd Dr Alison Milbank: