Impact UK Location: Stockton-on-Tees

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Allowing for Model Uncertainty and Data Revisions in Central Banks’ Forecasting and Policy Analysis

Summary of the impact

Garratt's research on methods for quantifying the uncertainty surrounding macroeconomic forecasts, uncertainty which arises from not knowing the true model of the economy and from having to use inaccurate data, has been applied by Central Banks and national statistical agencies in their forecasting exercises and their analysis of policy interventions. Notably, Norges Bank (the central bank of Norway) has developed a system called the System for Averaging Models, which they use when they make macroeconomic forecasts and when they predict the effects of possible monetary policy actions, which incorporates Garratt's results.

Garratt's research provides new methods to allow for uncertainty about the 'true' model by using combinations of different possible models, when making forecasts. His research provides new procedures to take `data uncertainty' into account, when forecasts have to be based on real-time data (that is, inaccurate data which is available to the policymaker when a forecast is produced but which is revised later on). Garratt's research quantifies the effect of this uncertainty on forecasts by constructing probability density functions. Central banks and statistical agencies have applied his findings when making forecasts and undertaking policy analysis. Garratt's research has been disseminated through refereed journal articles, conference presentations, consultancy work with policy makers, and presentations to policy makers, including an invited presentation to HM Treasury.

Submitting Institution

Birkbeck College

Unit of Assessment

Economics and Econometrics

Summary Impact Type


Research Subject Area(s)

Mathematical Sciences: Statistics
Economics: Applied Economics, Econometrics

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