This case study outlines how research into the frictional behaviour of
nuts and bolts (threaded fasteners) has found commercial applications and
contributed to the improved safety of transport systems, industrial plant
and equipment. A number of significant impacts have developed from a
long-term research association between this UoA and the company Bolt
Science, based in Chorley, Lancashire. Drawing on UCLan-based research,
training materials have been developed by Bolt Science and delivered
globally to encourage the safe and correct use of threaded fasteners in
the engineering industry. Bolt Science have drawn on research conducted at
UClan to inform a major accident investigation by the Rail Accident
Investigation Branch as well as solutions to problems in other engineering
This case study summarises impact consequent to empirical research
related to the concept of "Sporting Playgrounds" from the Research
Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences (RISES). The "Sporting
Playgrounds" project addressed the global problem of falling levels
of childhood physical activity through the introduction and assessment of
innovative markings and physical structures to the school playground.
Research outcomes have changed National and International school
playground planning and design as well as altering educational policy.
Associated health economics analysis has demonstrated the cost
effectiveness of these interventions. The project has also developed novel
approaches to the overall practice of assessing children's physical
activity levels which have informed continuing efforts to monitor and
improve children's physical activity within educational settings.