Research at Oxford in the Transport Studies Unit (TSU) has enabled cities and governments
(regional and local) in the UK and internationally to adjust their transport policies over the longer
term (to 2050) towards low carbon alternatives. Its impact has been to reconfigure decision
makers' thinking on transport policies from trend-based projective studies for transport policy
options, towards trend breaking `backcasting' studies for sustainable transport policy futures.
Several national and international agencies have used both the backcasting approach, and also
two simulation models developed as part of the research.
Research on sustainable transport conducted by Hickman et al at UCL has
contributed significantly to a major shift in UK and international
transport policy during the last decade. Whereas such policy previously
included little, if any, consideration of climate change, the desire to
reduce transport CO2 emissions is now often its primary
objective. Findings from and methods developed through the research have
been used at city, regional, national and international to support and
implement revised strategies and investment programmes promoting
sustainable transport. As such, they contributed to increased use of
public transport, walking and cycling, and reduced dependence on car
usage. The methods have also been widely used by international
consultancies and other researchers.
Payment card fraud is a significant cost to business, as well as being a
route to funding of
organised crime, drug smuggling and terrorism. Detection of fraud requires
a technique that is both
transparent and adaptive. We have used the Department of Computing's
expertise in machine
learning and rule induction to develop a scalable method of automated
fraud detection that meets
the industry's needs. This technique is now being commercialised by AI
Corporation, with a
contract for its use having been placed by the world's largest retailer.
Contracts with major banks
are currently under negotiation.
Building on the University of Surrey's long history of involvement in the
post-war British poetry
scene, Surrey's School of English and Languages conducts research into
some of the key
questions surrounding contemporary poetic practice.
This research underpins the School's commitment to championing and
investigating the most
recent and innovative wave of contemporary British poetry: the renewed
focus on a Modernist
aesthetic that characterizes much of twenty-first-century verse.
The School has established a series of public events to bring this
challenging and rewarding body
of work to a wider audience. These events have made a significant economic
their promotion of the British poetry industry, and have had a marked
cultural impact on public
access to and understanding of avant-garde poetry in the county of Surrey
and across southeast
Receptive Ecumenism (RE) is a fresh method for conducting ecumenical
dialogue, originating in
the research of Paul Murray. Traditional Christian ecumenism has aimed at
differences and producing substantive agreements, but this effort has made
little progress in recent
decades. RE has provided ecumenical discussions with a new purpose and
method: that is,
fostering within each tradition a sustained process of engagement with and
learning from other
traditions. RE has shifted the focus from outcomes to process, and from
doctrinal flashpoints to
denominational cultures of knowledge, decision-making and dissemination.
Since 2008, RE has
explicitly been adopted by an international range of Christian groups, and
most significantly has
provided the underpinning methodology of the Anglican-Roman Catholic
since its relaunch in 2011.
This body of research comprises two distinct and complementary projects
that raised public awareness of attitudes towards, and representations of,
gender in 21stcentury Britain. Aune and Hogan, respectively,
challenged popular assumptions and stereotypes about the value of feminism
for a) younger women through transformative action and text (Aune) and b)
older women through film and photography (Hogan). This research is part of
the unit's well-established strand of expertise addressing how gender
inequalities and gendered social differences are constructed. The research
highlighted gender inequalities and suggested ways they may be alleviated.
Aune showcased examples of British feminist activism and Hogan used the
creative arts to interrogate images of older women, challenge stereotypes
and provide positive alternatives, leading to increased well-being and
quality of life.
Research carried out by the SESRC has resulted in a new category of
health and wellness footwear which has been commercialised by FitFlop
Since 2008, the Company has:
The Transforming Learning Cultures in Further Education (TLC) project,
which UWE researchers led the design of and played a key role in
undertaking, informed policy debates on a range of issues including the
quality of teaching and learning in Further Education (FE) settings.
Several FE sector teacher training programmes (e.g. Cardiff University)
have changed aspects of their content as a consequence of this research,
for example to help trainees better understand and develop a positive
learning culture in their classrooms. This benefits the trainee teachers
and, as a consequence, the learning outcomes for the students they work
with. Processes to enhance the practice of established teachers in FE have
been implemented as a consequence of this research, for example, City of
Bristol College's peer mentoring scheme improves the skills of lecturing
staff and outcomes for learners. The project also produced a book that has
been widely adopted by FE managers and tutors to help them better
understand and enhance the learning context in contemporary college and
adult education environments, resulting in more effective teaching and
learning. On a wider level the research findings have influenced national
policy debates on issues around the funding, practice, and management of
teaching and learning activities across the post-compulsory education
sector, particularly in further education.