Research by Alison McConnell and colleagues has underpinned the creation
of a new category of exercise training and rehabilitation; "breathing
training" improves exercise tolerance and reduces perceived exertion.
McConnell invented the market-leading POWERbreathe® breathing trainer, and
since joining Brunel (2000), has led further new product developments via
Knowledge Transfer Partnerships (KTP) and consultancy. Research by
McConnell and her team underpins marketing by POWERbreathe® and several
"copycat" products serving UK and overseas markets. Impacts include: 1.
physiological benefits to individual users globally, from elite athletes
to patients; and 2. commercial benefits to POWERbreathe International
Ltd., its supply chain, and to new international businesses serving the
breathing training market created by POWERbreathe®.
Innovative algorithms to support the evaluation of gold
immunochromomatographic assays have been applied in a test strip as part
of medical devices to test for Down's syndrome and Acute Myocardial
Infarction (AMI). The device has been used in China, with a total of over
4500 patients having used it in two city hospitals and in five county
hospitals. The impact of the research has been to allow faster, cheaper
and more accurate diagnosis. This has led to estimated savings of £10 per
patient per test and improved accuracy of 9% across the period 2009-2012,
compared to the use of the previously applied tests.
Drawing on his research in the area of music and physical activity, Dr
Costas Karageorghis was invited to serve as a scientific advisor for a
groundbreaking series of musically-accompanied running events held
annually in London. Run to the Beat™ is a unique concept in that the
half-marathon course was lined with music stations delivering output based
on the scientific research led by Dr Karageorghis at Brunel over the last
two decades. Ultimately, Run to the Beat garnered considerable economic
benefits in the health, entertainment, charitable, and technology sectors,
and represented a knowledge transfer that reached tens of millions across
the world through internet, television, radio, and print-media channels.
While indexes exist that measure the maturity of the provision of
eGovernment services from the government perspective (e.g. UN eGovernment
Development Index, http://unpan3.un.org/egovkb/global_reports/12report.htm),
there are no reliable standards that incorporate the citizen perspective
into benchmarking of government effectiveness. Brunel research has
included both government and citizen assessments and, through a more
holistic approach to eGovernment evaluation, has helped Turkey and other
governments to improve their e-government services.
EU funded CEES (Citizen-Oriented Evaluation of e-government Services)
project delivered a new evaluation model, called COBRA (Cost, Opportunity,
Benefit, Risk Analysis), for benchmarking e-government services from the
citizens' perspective. CEES led to COBRA's adoption by Turksat, the
Turkish central e-government service provider which has 12 million citizen
users — leading to e-government service improvement and more favourable
citizen attitudes. E-government service providers such as ictQATAR and
OMSAR (Office of the Minister of State for Administrative Reform) have
adopted the COBRA framework to evaluate and improve their e-government
services in Qatar and Lebanon respectively. COBRA has also been used in UK
and Estonia leading to similar outcomes.
This research outcome enabled the launch of a new project, called I-MEET,
that is extending the COBRA framework to include governments' perspectives
and is being applied to Qatar, Lebanon and the UK.
Combatting bullying in schools, and more especially the bullying of
minority groups, is a priority both nationally and internationally. Prof
Rivers' research on homophobic bullying and bystander wellbeing has
directly influenced the development of school-based intervention
programmes, teacher education, and government policy in the US, Australia,
Canada, and UK. It has been cited widely by policy makers internationally
and has been used as evidence of the need to develop and promote
ARTICULATED HEAD (2010-) and EAR ON ARM (2006-) reflect
interconnected but different projects within Stelarc's research into
alternate anatomical architectures. The ARTICULATED HEAD is the
robotic embodiment of Stelarc's Prosthetic Head, a conversational agent
that speaks to the person who interrogates it. It was a finalist for the
Australian Engineering Excellence Awards 2010 and was exhibited at
Powerhouse Museum, Sydney, for two years from January 2011, attracting an
estimated 1.8 million visitors.
EAR ON ARM is the first instance of an artist having an ear
surgically constructed and cell-grown on his arm and has been disseminated
globally through museum, festival, and media representations. In 2010 EAR
ON ARM was awarded the Prix Ars Electronica Golden Nica.
Within the art and medical communities, both projects have been
acknowledged as pioneering innovations in the conceptualisation and
realisation of biotechnological and engineering-based art and media
attention for the projects has brought the research to a worldwide public.
Since 2006 Professor Christopher Fox has been engaged in a series of
linked projects which explore ways in which the engagement of performers
and listeners in texted music for vocal ensemble can be enhanced. The
research was initially based on received understandings of the perceptible
relationship between music and text but, as the project and its impact
have developed, the research has extended into a collaborative scientific
study of this relationship, funded by two successive awards from the
Wellcome Trust. Each stage of the research has been extensively
disseminated through public performance, broadcast, recording, print and
on-line media and the impact of the research now reaches into a wide range
of communities of interest and the general public.
Hundreds of synthetic chemicals contaminate our food and water. Brunel's research shows harmful
cumulative cocktail effects of low levels of contaminants in food and water, previously thought to be
safe. The active translation of these results into European chemicals legislation also ensured a
sound basis for including multiple chemical exposures in risk assessment. By working with the
European Food Safety Authority, we demonstrated a viable approach to grouping chemicals for
mixtures risk assessment. Based on our research, a totally new approach to grouping chemicals
for mixtures risk assessment has been decided. This will influence maximum residue levels for
toxic pesticides in food in Europe leading to better protection of consumers against the increased
risks of harm due to multiple pesticide residues present in the majority of food items.
Olowofoyeku's research on judicial accountability challenges
long-established norms in the Anglo-
American legal traditions. These challenges have been recognised by
judicial authorities at the
highest levels and have influenced and informed practitioner and judicial
debates on the matter.
While no changes have yet been made to the law as a result of this
research, the limits of the
current principles, as highlighted in Olowofoyeku's research, particularly
in respect of the flaws of
the common law construct of the informed observer, have been confronted
and recognised by
judges in their decisions, and also by practitioners.
A 14 month research project funded by the Food Standards Agency (FSA) has
informed national policy on allergens and food labelling, EU negotiations
by DEFRA on Food Information Regulation and Food Standards Agency advice
to industry. The project involved the development of a novel method for
eliciting consumer views about food labels, the details of which have been
communicated by the FSA to relevant government departments. The results of
the project have been presented to FSA, at industry events, within
academia and allergy charities, while references to the project have been
widely circulated on social media and appear on policy and industry