Professor Patricia Lundy's research, which began in 2005 and continues today, has:
1) Directly led to the Minister of Justice commissioning HM Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC)
to investigate the Police Service of Northern Ireland's Historical Enquiries Team (PSNI/HET).
2) Directly led to the Northern Ireland Policing Board (NIPB) holding the PSNI to account; and a
reassessment of the Board's own procedures.
3) Directly led to the resignation of HET's Director and Deputy Director, suspension of all military
case-reviews, complete overhaul of HET, and policy changes in how PSNI/HET investigates
4) Directly led to Committee of Ministers holding the UK government to account with regards to
fulfilment of its obligations deriving from European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) judgements
and HET Article-2 compliance.
5) Directly led to reopening inquests, legal proceedings and informing stakeholders.
6) Directly created critical public debate about the future of the HET and policy more generally
around addressing the legacy of NI conflict.
This case study demonstrates that the Transitional Justice Institute
(TJI) peace process research has substantially impacted on key
stakeholders in multiple conflicted and post-conflict states. Impacts
include developing sustained relationships with public officials to inform
policymaking, making recommendations for legal changes, capacity building
with local non-governmental organisations (NGOs) on peace process issues
and addressing conflict-related abuses, informing public debate, and
raising awareness of international and comparative legal standards among
local judiciaries subsequently applied in their work. Impacts have
benefited a range of users and contributed to growing sensitivity to
victims' needs in conflict resolution.
A key challenge for Western policy makers and legal practitioners in
formulating justice and security responses to mass atrocity in the African
Great Lakes region is to understand the political, social and cultural
causes of conflict, and the manner in which past conflicts can be resolved
and potential future conflicts prevented. Phil Clark's research sheds
much-needed light on these issues, and assesses the nature and impact of
both local and international transitional justice responses. This research
has prompted his active engagement with international judicial processes
and debates on aid policy, encouraging international actors to be more
aware of local dynamics around conflict and justice, with the wider aim of
maintaining the vulnerable stability of post-conflict nations in Africa.
Since the Bradford Riots in 2001, research at Bradford has helped to
defuse underlying tensions between deprived, multiethnic communities and
between them and the local state thus strengthening community resilience
in the city. Building on global research, particularly in Latin America,
we have introduced participatory and peace-building methodologies into the
locality, but with implications beyond it. The Programme for a Peaceful
City enhances our impact through academic-practitioner reflection spaces.
Our research with rather than on communities fosters their voice in
policy, contributing to a non-confrontational response to the EDL in 2010,
2012 and 2013 and bringing community activists from Bradford's diverse
communities together to co-create the ESRC-funded Community University
(Comm-Uni-ty) in May 2013.
Hull City Council is deploying Restorative Practices (RPs) to transform
the lives and experiences of
children and young people. This has resulted in and continues to achieve
significant reductions in
youth offending, improvements in educational attainment, and higher levels
of well-being and
happiness. Research conducted by Gerry Johnstone and his research team has
providers to use RPs more effectively to achieve their goals, resulting in
enhanced personal well-being,
more appropriate behaviour, and a strengthening of personal responsibility
people in Hull.
Based on its internationally recognised reframing of transitional justice
(TJ) theory and practice, TJI demonstrates singular influence on the tone,
language, framing and outcomes of key debates, policies and advocacy in
Northern Ireland (NI) since 2003. TJI research has informed political
debate and influenced official recommendations on institutions to address
the legacy of the conflict; shaped the policy positions and enhanced the
capacity of local non- governmental organisations (NGOs); shared in the
production of cultural knowledge in a unique law-led artistic
collaboration; raised public awareness of the intergenerational aspects of
the conflict's legacy; and empowered marginalised individuals. TJI's
critiques of local TJ approaches and our development of the TJ Toolkit
have demonstrable global applicability. The impact has been primarily
regional, with national and international dimensions.
This case study focuses on Aisha Gill's ground-breaking research on
violence against women (VAW) in the UK, Iraqi Kurdistan and India as part
of the Crucible Centre for Human Rights Research. Gill's research has had
a direct impact on local, national and international policy-making and
professional practice, in particular, in relation to `honour' based
violence (HBV) and forced marriage (FM). This has underpinned her work as
an academic commentator, with a strong media profile, her reports and
policy briefings on VAW for UK and international public and third sector
agencies, as well as an expert witness for the Crown Prosecution Service
on HBV and FM cases.
Improvements in the organisation and delivery of community safety by
police and local authority-led partnerships have resulted from
inter-related research studies conducted by a team at the Centre for
Criminal Justice Studies. Research findings have significantly influenced
national policy and professional policing and community safety practices.
The research led to improvements in how important new reforms to policing
powers and personnel have been implemented and in community safety
delivered through partnerships. It also increased understanding of the
benefits and limitations of policing partnerships, powers designed to
tackle anti-social behaviour and the role of police community support
officers in fostering safer communities.
New democracies face the critical challenge of dealing with past abuses
of human rights. Professor
Leigh Payne`s empirical research on transitional justice concludes that
while no single mechanism
successfully achieves the strengthening of democracy, human rights, and
peace, combinations of
prosecutions and amnesties (with or without `truth commissions') increase
the likelihood of
improved democracy and human rights measures. These findings have not only
shaped the debate
over transitional justice; they have played a key role in constructing and
endorsing the policy
decisions made by a range of political actors: victims` groups, NGOs,
politicians, judges, and prosecutors. They have shaped policy debate,
laws, practices, demands,
and methodological approaches to transitional justice in Brazil and
Colombia; and had a direct and
specific impact on policies regarding the violent past in Uruguay.
The research has had impact through promoting bottom-up, community-based
approaches to truth
recovery as part of post-conflict transition and human rights advocacy.
This has been most
evident, in reach and significance, at local and regional levels within
Northern Ireland as a region
with unique circumstances (emerging post-1998 from armed conflict) and by
attitudes and activities of community groups, human rights/victims'
Organisations (NGOs) and lawyers involved in shaping truth recovery public
policy. The work has
had impact on governmental and statutory bodies and initiatives dealing
with post-conflict victims'
concerns and wider national and international civil society debates on
truth recovery, human rights
and the effects of counter-terror policing policies and practices in
marginalised ethnic minority