Research by Alison McConnell and colleagues has underpinned the creation
of a new category of exercise training and rehabilitation; "breathing
training" improves exercise tolerance and reduces perceived exertion.
McConnell invented the market-leading POWERbreathe® breathing trainer, and
since joining Brunel (2000), has led further new product developments via
Knowledge Transfer Partnerships (KTP) and consultancy. Research by
McConnell and her team underpins marketing by POWERbreathe® and several
"copycat" products serving UK and overseas markets. Impacts include: 1.
physiological benefits to individual users globally, from elite athletes
to patients; and 2. commercial benefits to POWERbreathe International
Ltd., its supply chain, and to new international businesses serving the
breathing training market created by POWERbreathe®.
Manchester Metropolitan University's (MMU's) novel research on the
musculoskeletal adaptations to resistance training has directly informed
what has been called the "gold-standard" for exercise, physical activity
and rehabilitation guidelines for older adults published in the USA, as
well as the UK Department of Health's guidelines on physical activity and
exercise for older adults. MMU's musculo-skeletal research has led to
commercial impacts as it has directly informed the design, and
modifications to the design of `Technogym' (an international exercise
equipment manufacturer) and vibration training devices. Clinical impacts
have been realised through the contribution of musculoskeletal research
into rehabilitation programmes for children with muscle weakness across
Europe. And finally, MMU's research has also raised awareness of, and
informed local Government decision-making and policy on, ageing and
The Human Performance Research Group at Aberystwyth University developed
a novel high- intensity "warm-up" regime, known as "priming exercise".
Performing this type of exercise can provide an ergogenic effect during
subsequent exercise or competition. This research has impacted upon
professional practice of sports scientists and coaches tasked with
preparing elite athletes for competition. Specifically, previously warm-up
exercise was performed prior to exercise, whereas now many practitioners
apply priming exercise regimes. In addition, this practice has a direct
impact upon the performance of both elite and amateur athletes.
This case study relates to the optimisation of endurance performance in
athletes through the use of newly developed carbohydrate-based sports
foods and beverages. It describes a systematic program of scientific
research that resulted in major advances in our understanding of how to
optimise athletic performance through nutrition. This research
substantially influenced the sports nutrition guidance for athletes given
by the very highest global authoritative source (i.e., International
Olympic Committee Consensus Statement on Sports Nutrition [IOC]).
Furthermore, the research has stimulated development of innovative food
and beverage products in the sports nutrition manufacturing industry
allowing the benefits of the research to reach consumers and athletes on a
truly global scale.
Research carried out by the SESRC has resulted in the development of
three novel devices that improve foot and lower limb circulation. These
have been commercialised by Actegy Health Ltd.
Since 2008, impact arising
from this research includes,
This case study relates to Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU)
research on musculoskeletal
responses to microgravity conditions in spaceflight and the resulting
applications and impacts.
MMU's research and influence within the UK Space Biomedicine Consortium
underpinned a shift in
UK Government policy towards full participation in European Space Agency
Impacts have also resulted from the development of gravity-independent
devices and exercise
systems that have been tested by ESA and NASA within various "live"
missions on board the
International Space Station. MMU's research has also had a big influence
on the organisational
practices of the German Aerospace Centre (DLR) particularly around space
Tart cherries are rich in phytochemicals that include compounds that
contain anthocyanins and melatonin, which possess antioxidant and
anti-inflammatory properties and consequently have the potential to
enhance recovery following strenuous physical activity. Our research has
examined novel applications of tart Montmorency cherry juice, specifically
in recovery from exercise and managing exercise-induced inflammation,
oxidative stress and sleep; this has led to extensive reach to the
scientific and wider community and has seen significant increases in the
sales and its routine use by athletic (Olympic and professional sports)
and general populations who report positive effects on the global effects
of recovery following training, competitions and injury.
This research into the effective management of exertion intensity,
symptoms and pain in the treatment of cardiovascular and neuromuscular
diseases has resulted in the setting of national and international
standards for safe and effective education, training and professional
Physical activity forms a core component in the prevention and
rehabilitation of cardiovascular disease and in genetically acquired
neuromuscular disorders. Physical activity benefits are linked to the
volume — frequency, intensity and duration — of participation, which will
bring about physiological and/or psychosocial improvements.
Prof Doherty's research is themed around `safe and effective exercise for
patients with complex cardiac disease' where, until his leading research
had been carried out, thousands of patients were denied access to such
services. Prof Doherty implemented the first prospective randomised
control trial (RCT) in this population which has: benefitted patients
directly by enabling more programmes to offer rehabilitation to this group
of patients; impacted on clinical guidance nationally and internationally;
contributed to Department of Health policy; and influenced the public and
clinical populations through the NHS, British Heart Foundation, Arrhythmia
Alliance and professional clinical groups.
The pioneering research carried out by Brookes' Movement Science Group
(under the umbrella of the Centre for Rehabilitation) into the barriers
and benefits of safe community led exercise for people with long-term
neurological conditions, has significantly improved quality of life for
many sufferers. Their research has raised awareness amongst healthcare and
fitness professionals, and led to specific measures being put in place to
facilitate and encourage exercise. These measures include the development
of: clinical exercise and rehabilitation units, web-based physical
activity support system, national occupational standards, and the only
level 4 accredited exercise training course in the UK. The research has
also led to the establishment of a registered charity that aims to
increase exercise participation of people with long-term neurological
conditions across the UK.