The research has had impact through promoting bottom-up, community-based
approaches to truth
recovery as part of post-conflict transition and human rights advocacy.
This has been most
evident, in reach and significance, at local and regional levels within
Northern Ireland as a region
with unique circumstances (emerging post-1998 from armed conflict) and by
attitudes and activities of community groups, human rights/victims'
Organisations (NGOs) and lawyers involved in shaping truth recovery public
policy. The work has
had impact on governmental and statutory bodies and initiatives dealing
with post-conflict victims'
concerns and wider national and international civil society debates on
truth recovery, human rights
and the effects of counter-terror policing policies and practices in
marginalised ethnic minority
Terrorism and political violence are one of the most significant threats
facing contemporary society.
Building on over twenty years of research into the political situation in
Northern Ireland, the
research team have explored the impact political violence has on
individuals and communities; in
particular, they have explored the antecedent factors which lead to people
choosing to engage and
disengage in politically motivated violence, commonly termed `terrorism'.
This knowledge has been
utilised to inform policy and improve military practice across various
branches of the UK
government, UK and overseas military services, police and security
services, NATO and a number
of faith and NGO groups.
This case study concerns the research of the Centre for Counter Fraud
Studies relating to both
individual and small and medium enterprises (SMEs) victims of fraud. It
highlights how the
underpinning research has influenced major national policy changes, such
as the formation of
Action Fraud and the services they and other bodies, such as the National
Fraud Authority (NFA),
Serious Fraud Office (SFO) and Office of Fair Trading (OFT), provide to
support victims. It also
demonstrates how the research has informed policy-makers of the
significant impact of fraud on
victims, stimulating changes in the services offered; with the Sentencing
Council conducting a
review of sentencing for fraud related offences.
This project had a direct impact on practitioners and services,
influencing police practice, police training, and judicial cases involving
a relatively new and under-reported crime: The Online Dating Romance Scam.
It also impacted on society, culture and creativity by stimulating
public debate via extensive media coverage. The research established that
prevalence was much higher than previously believed, and that existing
ideas about typical victim profiles were incorrect. It shed light on
psychological risk factors, the processes underlying the scam, and effects
on victims. Documenting the emotional effects led to changes in how
victims are treated by law enforcement.
Christopher Duggan's research at the University of Reading into Italian
history since the French
Revolution has tackled a number of themes relating to the development of
the Italian nation-state,
and has contributed, in ways that are exceptional for an academic
historian, to debates about the
country's `national identity'. These debates have become intense with the
political and economic
crisis that has engulfed the country in recent years. The arguments around
Duggan's work have
involved leading politicians, journalists and members of the general
public, and have taken place in
many different media and forums, including television, radio, newspapers,
schools, and public
Professor Patricia Lundy's research, which began in 2005 and continues today, has:
1) Directly led to the Minister of Justice commissioning HM Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC)
to investigate the Police Service of Northern Ireland's Historical Enquiries Team (PSNI/HET).
2) Directly led to the Northern Ireland Policing Board (NIPB) holding the PSNI to account; and a
reassessment of the Board's own procedures.
3) Directly led to the resignation of HET's Director and Deputy Director, suspension of all military
case-reviews, complete overhaul of HET, and policy changes in how PSNI/HET investigates
4) Directly led to Committee of Ministers holding the UK government to account with regards to
fulfilment of its obligations deriving from European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) judgements
and HET Article-2 compliance.
5) Directly led to reopening inquests, legal proceedings and informing stakeholders.
6) Directly created critical public debate about the future of the HET and policy more generally
around addressing the legacy of NI conflict.