Research conducted by our International Boundaries Research Unit (IBRU)
since the 1990s has improved the understanding of boundaries and
boundary-making and developed end-user resources in the form of databases
and digital maps. IBRU has developed processes and techniques which
support peaceful dispute avoidance and resolution through an expanded
notion of boundary-making on land, along rivers, and at sea. Our work has
had direct impact on a range of geopolitical conflicts and disputes,
particularly on boundary demarcation and dispute resolution within Africa.
It has also shaped practitioner debate over jurisdictional issues in the
Arctic and improved the representation of river boundaries in
globally-used geospatial data products.