Research at Sussex has enabled the development of interactive virtual
museums, which include the Church of Santa Chiara in the Victoria and
Albert Museum`s Medieval and Renaissance Galleries, and Sierra Leone
digital collections both online and also recently exhibited at the British
Museum. These developments apply Internet, XML, 3D visualisation and
database technologies in novel ways. Impacts of the research are social
and cultural, through support for social cohesion and the public`s greater
awareness and understanding of their cultural heritage; impacts are also
in the area of public services, by enabling 2017memory institutions` to
improve their service delivery by increasing the global reach of their
exhibits and the depth of their engagement with visitors.
Research conducted by the Centre for the Study of Poverty and Social
Justice (CSPSJ) led to a new way of assessing child poverty in developing
countries. This novel method (termed the Bristol Approach) resulted in the
United Nations General Assembly's adoption, for the first time, of an
international definition of child poverty (2006). It also underpinned
UNICEFs Global Study on Child Poverty and Disparities (2008-10),
which was run in over 50 countries. In the last ten years, the CSPSJ's
work has put child poverty at the centre of international social and
public policy debates. Its researchers have advised governments and
international agencies on devising anti-poverty strategies and programmes
that specifically meet the needs of children, and have significantly
influenced the way child poverty is studied around the world. The Centre
has developed academic and professional training courses for organisations
like UNICEF on the issues of children's rights and child-poverty. Our work
has also spurred NGOs such as Save the Children to develop their own
child-development indices, and so has had a direct and profound impact on
the lives of poor children around the planet.
Work by LSHTM researchers has led to a greater understanding of Plasmodium
species and contributed new methodologies for diagnosis. As a result,
patients with the uncommon
species P. knowlesi and many hundreds with P. ovale spp.
have been correctly diagnosed by
polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and the rapid detection of parasite DNA
is revolutionising clinical
trial design. The work has led to the successful commercialisation of a
malaria testing kit for use in developing countries. Through media outputs
and further research, the
work has taken awareness of the issues surrounding malaria diagnostics to
WHO estimates that 600 million school-age children need deworming
treatment and preventive intervention.
The University of Manchester (UoM) Immunology Group delivered an
educational programme on the immune response and biology of parasitic worm
infections in areas where worm infections are most prevalent, including
Uganda and Pakistan, and with UK immigrant communities.
International benefits include health worker and educator training, which
is critical for improving the understanding of worm infection and
distribution of health education messages to endemic communities.
Nationwide engagement activities provided immigrant communities and school
pupils with improved awareness of global health issues and a greater
understanding of immunology, and have inspired some participants to pursue
careers in science.
Work undertaken by the Centre for Transnational Art, Identity and Nation
(TrAIN) at the University
of the Arts London (UAL) focuses on the role of identity and nation in the
consumption of artwork and artefacts. This has resulted in an increased
awareness and critical
understanding of transnational art and design, to the benefit of the
Museums and Galleries sector,
arts organisations, and the artistic community.
Fairhead and his colleagues questioned new market approaches to
warning of their iniquitous distributional effects, dubbed
`green-grabbing'. Reported globally, this
helped to prompt the UN Expert `Committee on World Food Security' and
conservation organisations to recognise and organise to avoid this
problem. Fairhead's research
exemplar focused on the distributional effects of policies sequestering
carbon through `biochar'
additives to African soils. He (and his colleagues) revealed a hitherto
unknown African soil-management
practice that provides a pro-poor `climate-smart' alternative to biochar,
and this is
already being mimicked by agriculturalists in Ethiopia and is planned in
Population research carried out by the University of Southampton in
China, the world's most
populous country, led to significant changes in the structure and delivery
of a major United Nations
Population Fund (UNFPA) programme, thereby ensuring improved access to
health and family planning services for more than 750 million Chinese men
Southampton's research provided the evidence of the impact that the UN
programme was having
which enabled the UNFPA to secure sustained financial support from
international stakeholders to
continue its work in China. The evidence from the research also convinced
government to roll out the programme nationwide and to re-orient family
planning provision in
China towards informed choice.
Research conducted by our International Boundaries Research Unit (IBRU)
since the 1990s has improved the understanding of boundaries and
boundary-making and developed end-user resources in the form of databases
and digital maps. IBRU has developed processes and techniques which
support peaceful dispute avoidance and resolution through an expanded
notion of boundary-making on land, along rivers, and at sea. Our work has
had direct impact on a range of geopolitical conflicts and disputes,
particularly on boundary demarcation and dispute resolution within Africa.
It has also shaped practitioner debate over jurisdictional issues in the
Arctic and improved the representation of river boundaries in
globally-used geospatial data products.
The impact outlined here derives from research done by Professors Ivor
Gaber and Jon Silverman in the related fields of political reporting,
justice and democratic accountability through freedom of expression. This
work, conducted under the aegis of the Centre for International Media
Analysis, Research and Consultancy (CIMARC) at the University of
Bedfordshire (UoB), has influenced both the policy environment and
professional practice. For example, (in Gaber's case) improving the news
coverage of elections in Nigeria, Malawi and Uganda; and (in Silverman's)
working towards post-conflict reconciliation in Liberia and Sierra Leone,
through an analysis of the media's reporting of war crimes trials.
Impacts: I) Economic benefits derived from carbon credit and
land-use schemes in sub-Saharan Africa. II) Multi-national developments in
public-policy related to Reducing Emissions for Deforestation and Forest
Degradation (REDD). III) Recommendation for launch by the European Space
Agency (March 2013) of the first ever forest-specific monitoring mission.
Significance and reach: Public policy developments have occurred
over the period 2011 - June 2013 in Malawi, Mozambique and Gabon.
Increases of more than 20% in the level of rural employment pre and post
2008 have been documented for one project in Mozambique.
Underpinned by: Research into quantifying tropical forest biomass
stocks and their degradation, undertaken at the University of Edinburgh