An engineering methodology, Management of Slope Stability in
Communities (MoSSaiC), has been developed to mitigate urban
landslide risk in developing countries, and has been implemented in the
Eastern Caribbean. The World Bank is now including the methodology in
disaster risk mitigation projects more widely in the Latin America and
Caribbean regions, starting with Jamaica (September 2011-). MoSSaiC
centres on the efficient management of surface water (construction of
hillside drainage networks) and is delivered through a community-focussed
programme with a benefit-cost ratio of 2.7:1. The impact includes:
In 2011, the World Bank selected 13 methodologies for an `Aid
Effectiveness Showcase' exhibition at its Washington DC
headquarters. Due to its effectiveness, MoSSaiC was included as the only
methodology relating to landslides.
Management of Slope Stability in Communities (MoSSaiC) is a
scientifically-based methodology developed at the University of Bristol to
mitigate urban landslide risk in developing countries that has been
adopted by the World Bank as part of its portfolio of disaster risk
management tools. MoSSaiC centres on the efficient management of surface
water and is distinct from other interventions in that it is delivered
through a community-focussed programme that is rolled out in strategic
incremental steps. MoSSaiC was first developed in 2004 and piloted in
vulnerable urban communities in St Lucia. Since 2008 it has been
implemented in additional communities in St Lucia, St Vincent and the
Grenadines, and Dominica (totalling ~800 homes in 12 communities).
A direct benefit of MoSSaiC is improved slope stability, evidenced by the
absence of landslides in these communities despite the exceptional
rainfall of Hurricane Tomas in 2010. Indirect benefits include rainwater
harvesting and reduced water bills (one community saving an estimated
EC$63,000), and savings to Government of community relocation costs. As a
result MoSSaiC has led to governments and international development
agencies taking a radically different and more effective approach to
tackling landslide hazards in vulnerable urban communities.
Amphibian population declines are recognised as one of the largest
biodiversity crises in modern
history. Professor Andrew Cunningham, Institute of Zoology (IOZ) headed
the team that identified
a novel chytrid fungus as the major cause of amphibian population declines
extinctions. Our work is the basis for the scientific and conservation
responses to this disease, and
led to the fungus being listed by the OIE (World Organisation for Animal
Health). We have
established national surveillance programmes for the pathogen across the
EU and elsewhere,
identifying species at risk and developing mitigating measures to prevent
and species extinction.
Research by the University of Huddersfield's Centre for Applied Childhood
Studies (CACS) carried out between 2008-2009 has played a major role in
tackling the problem of child sex abuse in the Caribbean. A study we have
undertaken which UNICEF described as a "landmark" in the field has led to
government acknowledgement of the problem, growing public awareness of its
effects, new policies, legislative reform, innovative child protection
programmes and improvements in the capabilities of professionals and
agencies. The research is also helping to shape responses to child sexual
abuse in other parts of the world.
Research on the black presence in London conducted at UCL by Caroline
Bressey was incorporated into the London, Sugary and Slavery Gallery
(LSS), which opened at Museum of London Docklands (MoLD) in November 2007
and remains the only permanent gallery on slavery in a London museum.
Developing a new narrative of London's historical relationship with
enslavement, LSS has presented museums and galleries engaging with public
history with a deeper and wider context through which to present their own
historical narratives. Bressey's contribution embedded her unique
methodological approaches in black historical geography into the gallery.
In turn, LSS contributed to the creation of new discussions of London's
history and new methodologies for museum practice.