Cloud computing is now used ubiquitously in consumer and commerce domains
unprecedented access to computing and data handling at affordable prices.
Work in this field was pioneered at the University of Southampton (UoS)
from 1998 onwards and
commercialised from 2008 through Dezineforce to enable companies to
exploit cloud computing
Throughout this period the team has also engaged in outreach to
inspire and educate the next
generation of scientists and engineers about High Performance and Cloud
computing including a
YouTube video with 485,000 hits and over 300 articles in media.
Department of Information Studies (DIS) researchers (Judith
Broady-Preston, Nicole Convery (née Schulz), Kirsten Ferguson-Boucher,
Allen Foster, Sarah Higgins) contribute to the preservation and long-term
accessibility of digital assets across the heritage, public, private and
commercial sectors. They have developed, and widely disseminated, a series
of toolkits and models which are helping government, professionals and
organisations adapt to the changing technical landscape. Their research
informs and influences data management policy and practice; provides
guidance on operational and lifecycle management of digital information;
and underpins the relevant sections of professional guidance documents by
high profile international and national organisations. Knowledge is
contributed to both: information practice and policy advancement; and
practitioner continuing professional development (CPD), through
participation in international and national training events, working
groups and practical workshops.
The Network & Information Security Technology Lab (NISTL) at
Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU) conducts research in securing
networked systems against the growing threat of cyber crime. The research
has generated a correlated set of new security protocols, novel system
composition methods and efficient digital forensic analysis schemes for
more effective layered security protection. Their main impacts for the
period 01/2008 - 07/2013 are highlighted below:
In addition to the above direct impacts, our work is also beneficial to
other organisations and even the general public, as they all require
security techniques for information protection.
The research in this case study has pioneered knowledge management
technology. It has had major impact on drug discovery and translational
medicine and is widely adopted in the pharmaceutical and healthcare
industries. The impacts are:
Low-cost wireless solutions beyond the technologies available previously
and developed at Loughborough University since 2005 are used by IDC, and
Sure, who integrate these technologies in several products and services so
generating impacts in terms of:
The technologies have been deployed in a logistics distribution centre
(ToysRUs), an automotive manufacturing process (Toyota), and a safety and
security system (Sure).
Technology developed at UoM on clouds and aerosols proved vital in
deriving ash mass concentrations during the 2010 eruption of the Iceland
volcano, verifying the Met Office model that was defining the airspace
exclusion zone and predict ash loadings for the Civil Aviation Authority.
The shutdown of airspace cost the airline industry worldwide an estimated
$1.7bn, reaching $400m per day on April 19th. Reassurance
provided by our verification allowed lifting of flight restrictions which
had the immediate effect of re-opening airspace, relieving the impact on
hundreds of thousands of people globally, leading to an estimated global
saving to the industry of $10bn The approach has resulted in new long term
airborne response capability at the Met Office.
PERMIS is a suite of open source security software, written mostly in
Java, which provides an application-independent, standards-based,
authorisation infrastructure that enables software developers to
incorporate state of the art authorisation functionality into their
systems with a minimum of effort.
PERMIS has been integrated into a wide variety of environments including
grids, clouds and more specialised domains, leading to more secure systems
for end users at a reduced cost of implementation; for example, the Swiss
Ministry of Defence has adapted PERMIS for use in an air force
application. It consistently gets more than 1000 downloads per year, with
over 100 new users registering annually.
Research undertaken between 2002 and 2012 at Birkbeck has helped
establish a participatory approach to cyber-physical computing as the
predominant methodology for the construction of mobile and pervasive
computing systems. Cyber-physical systems intimately interlink material
entities and their information representations as existing on the
Internet. Our specific research contributions in systems architecture,
privacy protection and human dynamics have demonstrated how the user's
activity can be exploited as the core ingredient in building such systems.
Our research has resulted in the implementation of applications that are
used to monitor biodiversity across the globe, to assess and support
Parkinson's disease patients in the UK, to improve the well-being of
office workers in London, to engage the public in a debate about the costs
and benefits of pervasive computing, and to inform legislatures in the UK
and the US.