A Portsmouth team has helped revolutionise how flight data from aircraft
flight recorders is being analysed. This has improved the corporate
performance of a leading UK company in a globally competitive market by
helping it expand its business in the UK and to subsequently compete in
the dynamic North American market. Historically, data was manually
evaluated on a flight by flight basis. Research by the Portsmouth team
means such data can now be analysed automatically by artificial
intelligence (AI), saving significant man-hours, and allowing the company
to diversify domestically into a related market and to expand
internationally. The techniques developed were subsequently applied in a
new market, enabling the new corporate partner to realise savings
estimated at £100,000 p.a.
Methods have been developed to characterise and evaluate the performance
of mass transit systems which have then been applied in 60 of the world's
major cities. The financial benefit, as quantified by mass transit
operators, is in excess of £0.5 Billion between 2003 and 2013. Examples of
impact include cost savings for escalator renewal by London Underground
(2009-ongoing), influencing fares policy in Hong Kong (2003, 2012) and the
adoption of performance measurement systems, developed by Imperial, by
Chinese metros (2010-ongoing). This impact has been enabled by the
creation and subsequent facilitation of 5 global consortia comprising over
70 metro, suburban rail and urban bus operators.
Flight safety has been a major focus in the past sixteen years at the
Civil Safety and Security Unit (CSSU), affiliated with the University of
Leicester's School of Management. The knowledge created has had three
impacts. First, the development of a tailored fatigue-risk management
system (FRMS) now in operation in a night-freight airline. FRMS provides
for the development and validation of rosters that optimise crews'
economic and safety performance, saving lives and money. Until this
research no UK-registered night-freight airline had operated a FRMS.
Second, the research underpins the evidence-base for the British Air Line
Pilots' Association (BALPA) in its lobbying of the European Aviation
Safety Agency (EASA). Third, the research is supporting the Society for
the Welfare of Indian Pilots (SWIP) in its campaign for safe flight-time
This research by the University's Transportation Research Group (TRG) has
contributed to the development of sustainable road transport networks both
in the UK and other leading cities worldwide. In summary:
Impact: Policy / animal welfare / economic. European Directives on
Animal Welfare have been changed to improve animal comfort during
transport. Our research has provided a basis for establishing
comfort/discomfort at an objective, physiological level through response
modelling and the quantitative assessment of the effects of thermal
conditions. The definition of optimum transport environments has
underpinned improved transport vehicle design and operation and formed the
basis of the development of regulations for improved animal welfare.
Significance: ~60 billion animals are transported world-wide each
Beneficiaries: EU policy makers (leading to revised Directives),
UK Government departments (especially Defra), and animals during
Attribution: Prof. Mitchell (SRUC).
Reach: All EU Member States, Canada, and the US.
Research undertaken by the Institute for Transport Studies (ITS) at the
University of Leeds from 1997 to 2013 has played a key role in developing
the methods and evidence base for demand forecasting and economic
appraisal in transport. The primary impact of this research has been
changes to official guidance Manuals, which are prescribed to scheme
promoters, operators, consultants and other agents. In applying these
Manuals, a secondary research impact has been to improve the quality of
transport decision-making and Value for Money (VfM) of public expenditure.
Against this background, ITS Leeds research has achieved the following
impacts throughout the period 2008 to 2013 (and ongoing):
The research into green freight transport and logistics has had several
key impacts. It facilitated freight transport becoming part of the London
Mayor's Transport Strategy (which aims to improve efficiency and reduce
negative impacts of freight) and that this strategy incorporated van-based
activities as well as heavier goods vehicles. It provided evidence for
policy makers and industry of the potential for modal shift to rail
freight and new methods of measuring rail freight activity to inform
decision making. The joint development of a technique for calculating fuel
consumption and carbon emissions of road goods vehicle activities was
adopted by the Department for Transport (DfT) and DEFRA in guidance to
industry about emissions reporting.