From 2004, researchers at the university's Centre for Research in Primary
and Community Care developed the `Tool to Measure Parenting Self-Efficacy'
(TOPSE). This allowed community-based parenting support practitioners to
evaluate and demonstrate, for the first time, the effectiveness of their
services and providing, for example, quantifiable data to their funders.
Parents too could rate the help they received, as well as their own
efficacy as parents, and they subsequently reported increased confidence
in their parenting ability and improved parent-child relationships. By
2008 the tool had spread nationally and internationally, and has since
been used by more than 300 practitioners and researchers worldwide.