The impact has its origins in work carried out by social policy (Kofman) and legal (Wray, Howard)
academics from the mid-2000s which challenged existing conceptualisations of family migration,
the absence of gender considerations and the evidential basis for national and European policy in
This research has culminated since 2011 in an influential intervention in debates on restrictions on
spousal migration, especially relating to income requirements, in Parliament, amongst NGOs and
the public, and on the form and outcome of legal proceedings which challenged the compatibility of
immigration rules restricting spousal migration with human rights and non-discrimination norms.
The impact therefore takes the form of significant contribution to legal challenges and policy debate
that are creating impetus for reform.
This case study is underpinned by the first qualitative research study of
national significance into
the views of white working class communities on community cohesion. It
builds on over 10 years of
research into community cohesion at Coventry University. The case study
includes impacts on:
Beneficiaries include central and local government policy-makers,
members of charities and
funders, lobbying groups, think tanks and political parties, political
professionals, journalists, social workers and the general public.