Marine wood borers cause huge economic losses by damaging maritime
structures. Research conducted by Cragg's team has driven the move from
broad-spectrum, environmentally-hazardous wood protection methods towards
environmentally-benign approaches tailored to target specific organisms.
Their novel testing methods have accelerated evaluation of protection
methods while reducing testing costs (impact 1). Their evaluations have
been used to inform guidelines for selection of timbers for waterside
construction issued by the UK Environment Agency (impact 2) and to market
less well-known timber species (impact 3). Their information on invasive
borers affects local and global decision making (impact 4).
This addresses improvements in the design of hydraulic transmission
systems, for vehicular and renewable energy generation systems, by
replacing the mechanical gearboxes to reduce their significant energy
losses. This ERPE design of novel digitally controlled hydraulic
transmission systems has culminated in the licensing, manufacture and
production of high efficiency hydraulic gearboxes, now registered as the
Digital Displacement® (DD®) patented technology.
This novel technology enabled the formation of the spin-out company
Artemis Intelligent Power Ltd., with 30 staff in 2008, which was acquired
by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., in 2010, enabling the growth to 50