Two books and review/research articles in Italian have disseminated the
findings from the underpinning research on creating false autobiographical
memories and the dangers of inadequate interviewing techniques. This work
has critically increased awareness in the Italian legal system amongst
both barristers and judges, to the point of shaping the practice of
interviewing witnesses in that country. It has also informed all verdicts
on child sexual abuse by the Supreme Court of Cassation.
Research from the Unit has demonstrated a positive effect of the amino
acid beta-alanine on exercise performance and capacity, which has informed
best practice on its use by elite athletes, athletic individuals and the
general population. In addition, this research has allowed performance
nutritionists and exercise physiologists access to research that affords
them the ability to follow an evidence based practice approach with their
clients. Our research has contributed to the increased worldwide use of
beta-alanine as a dietary supplement to enhance sport and exercise
This case study focuses on the development and usage of self-help
material designed to aid people in feeling and performing better. It has
achieved impact through raising awareness via mass media and professional
outlets. Research informed self-help materials are available for open
access via media links, academic organisations, service organisations
(NHS), commercial organisations (London Marathon), national governing
bodies (Research Councils), and professional bodies (British Association
of Sport and Exercise Sciences). An on-line project, run in conjunction
with BBC Lab
UK, developed and tested self-help interventions with 75,000 users
each receiving personalised feedback from former Olympian Michael Johnson.
This case study illustrates the development of novel research materials
designed to improve quality of life and performance in different
populations. Impact has been achieved through the use of research findings
in professional practice, formulation of health-related policies and in
the development of new indicators of health and well-being. RCSEP research
has been used by international and national health-service organisations
(e.g., European League Against Rheumatism, Evidence NHS), industrial
establishments (e.g., ArtEZ Conservatoire, Netherlands; Royal Ballet),
national governing bodies (British Heart Foundation), and professional
bodies (e.g., Dance UK, International Association of Dance Medicine &
Work by University of Stirling staff has contributed directly to improved
wildlife resource management in the Central African region. Innovative
research into the status and trends of key wildlife populations,
ecological impacts, resource harvests and trade, drivers of resource use
and assessing management success have contributed directly to new thinking
on the issue, revisions of laws and policy and to success in attracting
foreign aid for management issues. Stirling staff members now advise the
Government of Gabon on resource management policies, National Park
management and biodiversity issues.
Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are diseases leading to muscle
weakness. They are caused by various gene mutations. However, for many CMS
patients with a `limb girdle' pattern of weakness, the gene was unknown,
and they were unresponsive to the usual CMS treatments. Research by David
Beeson and colleagues has changed this state of affairs. First, they
showed that this form of CMS is caused by a mutation in a gene called DOK7.
Second, they identified the mechanism by which the mutation causes the
disease. Third, they discovered that patients with DOK7 mutations
respond to a different class of drug, 03b22 adrenergic receptor agonists.
DOK7 mutations are now routinely tested for in clinical practice,
and these drugs are standard therapy.
Research on the environmental safety and toxicity of nanomaterials in fishes has had a global
impact across both government and industry contributing to:
(i) Consensus building on biological effects allowing regulatory agencies/governments to
make proper decisions on the hazard of nanomaterials to farmed fish and wildlife.
(ii) Critical evaluation of the internationally agreed process of toxicity testing to determine
whether the current legislative test methods are fit for purpose and acceptable to the
(iii) Identification of national/international research priorities and policies via work with the
OECD and the US Government.
(iv) Influencing government policy to support training and information for industry.
This case study concerns the impact of Plymouth University research
relating to farmed fish diets,
which led to changes to EU legislation with respect to two types of
ingredients: animal proteins and
probiotics. The impact of the reintroduction of certain animal proteins in
farmed fish feeds
(previously banned to protect human health) and to the authorization of a
probiotic as a feed
additive, involved industry investment in research, have reduced the
environmental impact of
farmed fishing, improved competitiveness, enhanced yield and quality and
improved fish health
The Human Performance Research Group at Aberystwyth University developed
a novel high- intensity "warm-up" regime, known as "priming exercise".
Performing this type of exercise can provide an ergogenic effect during
subsequent exercise or competition. This research has impacted upon
professional practice of sports scientists and coaches tasked with
preparing elite athletes for competition. Specifically, previously warm-up
exercise was performed prior to exercise, whereas now many practitioners
apply priming exercise regimes. In addition, this practice has a direct
impact upon the performance of both elite and amateur athletes.
The sport and exercise science team at Southampton Solent began its work
only in 2007, with little or no previous scholarly history. The new team
focussed on the area of strength and conditioning within the area of
sport, exercise and health. The overarching approach to strength and
conditioning training methodology defined in the work of Fisher et al
(2011) is momentary muscular fatigue (MMF) whereby training is undertaken
to maximal exertion. Using MMF the research team have demonstrated public
benefit, and thus interim impact, through improving performance within
client groups suffering from chronic low back pain (CLBP). Thus, we hope
to show interim impact and reach using this methodological approach
improving performance in those with CLBP.