A sustained programme of research at the Royal College of Art (RCA) since
1994, led by Coleman, Myerson and Bichard, has played a leading role in
the emergence of Inclusive Design within design, industry and education,
defining its theoretical principles and developing relevant real-world
practice tools and business case studies. This research had made an impact
in four key areas: it has influenced the public discourse and the ethics
and methods of the design profession; contributed to national policymaking
for older and disabled people; enabled economic prosperity through
development of new products and services; and supported advances in design
Vehicle and mobility design research carried out at the Royal College of
Art (RCA) since 1993 has resulted in industrial innovation in vehicles and
transport, both nationally and internationally, enhancing industry's
ability to provide commercial, societal and environmental benefits between
2008 and 2013. The areas in which we are claiming impact include
accessible, user-centred transport (Impact 1); future visions of public
service vehicles and systems (Impact 2); and innovation in vehicle design
for changing technologies (Impact 3). These impacts are produced through
design and consultancy. Corroboration of impact takes the form of public
records of achievements, and authentication by manufacturers.
Dunne, Raby, and their colleagues' research into Critical Design at the
Royal College of Art (RCA) since 1997 has influenced the methods and ideas
of design practice through inclusion in major design exhibitions,
conferences, expert collaboration with companies, and coverage in the
press, TV and film. Moreover, it has had impact on cultural life and
public discourse, by enhancing public understanding of major issues and
challenges posed by science and technology for individuals and society,
through design research and exhibitions in major international museums,
and inclusion in public museum collections.
Research at Kingston University led by Hilary Dalke has established the
beneficial effects of colour design for application in long-term health
care environments for people with neural disabilities. This work has led
to the development of spatial design principles for improving the
experience of service users, patients and staff.
Through her consultancy work with architectural firms, individual NHS
hospitals, mental health units, independent charities and healthcare
furniture and equipment suppliers such as Hill-Rom, Dalke has influenced
their understanding of the issues involved, leading to improved design in
hospitals, care homes and day centres, with consequent benefits for
patients, staff and visitors in four institutions.
The i~design research programme, which has been running in the University
of Cambridge Department of Engineering (DoEng) since 2000, sought to
understand population diversity in order to better inform design decisions
for mainstream everyday products and services. Impact from this programme,
since 2008, includes: skills embedded in companies through direct training
of over 280 designers and design managers from industry; direct
involvement in the improved design of more than 10 new products and
services that have gone into production; educational resources for
teaching Design and Technology trialled in nine secondary schools; over
800 wearable impairment simulators sold; and extensive web-based guidance,
methods and tools for inclusive design accessed in over 170 countries.
"We've currently made a 40 per cent reduction on last year's infection
figures ... the commode is
definitely part of that", said an Infection Prevention and Control
Clinical Nurse Specialist for
Scarborough and North East Yorkshire NHS Trust. The commode referred is
the result of a joint
effort between Brunel University, Kirton Healthcare and PearsonLloyd, in
responding to the Design
Council's `Design Bugs Out' competition. Designed for thorough cleaning,
easy maintenance, and
patient dignity, the commode has been widely exhibited in the UK and
Europe, and was shortlisted
for the BRIT Best Design of the Year (2009) award. Now over 2,000 have
been sold to more than
60 hospitals in the UK.
Design thinking has benefited the economic performance of business and
particularly the creative industries, changed awareness of design in
everyday life, and informed public policy. Users and consumers have
benefited from wider understanding of the genesis of products and services
and effects on their quality of life. Design thinking research has been
instrumental in forming a new business sector that provides design
thinking expertise as consultancy. It has changed the processes of
designers and design practices, and fed into UK design education policy.
Design thinking has crossed discipline boundaries; for example framing new
methods and processes in software engineering.
In late 2010 Professor Sanderson decided to form the Flux ceramics
spin-out company at Staffordshire University in order to exploit a
significant market gap he had discovered via his KTP research project for
Aynsley China Ltd., Stoke-on-Trent. Flux has been able to exploit the
market gap discovered in a way that Aynsley China was unwilling to pursue.
Flux has produced cutting edge ceramic tableware design that has been
successful in terms of both sales and recognition as a valuable
contribution to contemporary tableware design. Flux won the Home and
Gardens Design Award in 2012.
Work by Carmona et al has supported the national drive for better design
in the built environment, helping to mainstream ideas about the importance
of urban design and develop tools for design governance. A major strand of
this research has focused on the use and potential of design codes in
England, and has been a major contributor to their widespread adoption. As
a result, by 2012, some 45% of local authorities and 66% of urban design
consultants had used design codes.
Birmingham Institute of Art and Design (BIAD) has researched the extent
and effectiveness of design management in companies for over 15 years. The
research has combined an academic analysis with a practice based approach
where findings have been implemented through a succession of
industry-facing, large-scale, externally funded projects.
Through this sustained activity, design tools, methods and support
strategies have been developed, delivered, tested and disseminated
internationally. Additionally, the experiences are fed back into the
continuing research that underpins the practical activity.
Since 2008, BIAD's business-facing projects have: