Air pollution is a major health concern and government policy driver.
Leeds researchers and colleagues have developed a detailed chemical
mechanism which describes reactions in the lower atmosphere leading to the
formation of ozone and secondary particulate matter, key air pollutants.
The so-called `master chemical mechanism' (MCM) is considered the `gold
standard' and has been used by the UK government and industry groups to
inform their position on EU legislation and by the US EPA to validate and
extend their regulatory models. The Hong Kong Environmental Protection
Department has used the MCM to identify key ozone precursors and provide
evidence for abatement strategies.
The methodological and applied work on micro-econometric demand analysis
outlined here has
been repeatedly used by the UK Competition Commission (since 2002) and the
Competition Panel (now Monitor) of the UK Department of Health (since
2009) in their respective
competition analyses, and by the Hong Kong Consumer Council in its Public
Study (since 2011). It contributed to the European Commission White Paper
on the quantification
of antitrust damages (2010), underpinning some of the econometric
methodology proposed there
to assess cartel damages in EU Courts. Beckert's work in the area of
analysis connects micro-economic demand theory with various econometric
assess demand-side substitution in the presence of taste heterogeneity.
His research is
disseminated through articles in peer-reviewed academic journals, policy
articles, and through
consultation by antitrust authorities, think tanks and economic
This research informed the introduction and on-going implementation of a
major criminal policy innovation, namely, Pre-Trial Witness Interviewing
(PTWI) by Crown Prosecutors across England and Wales. It was conducted in
partnership with the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS), and provided
independent evaluation of PTWI as an integral component of the piloting
phase prior to national roll-out. The research formed part of the initial
PTWI training of selected Crown Prosecutors and, following roll-out,
continued to serve as a resource for frontline prosecutors, affecting case
progression, complainants' experiences and the outcomes of criminal cases
(prominently including serious sexual assaults and domestic violence).
The "Inerter" is a completely new mechanical device and suspension
component that was conceived by Professor Malcolm Smith at University of
Cambridge Department of Engineering (DoEng), as a result of his
fundamental study of the possible behaviour of passive mechanical systems.
Penske Racing Shocks purchased a license to produce versions of the
Inerter for sale to Formula 1 (F1) teams and in IndyCar racing in 2008,
once the Inerter's use in the McLaren cars that won 10 out of 15 races in
the 2005 F1 season was widely known and McLaren's exclusive licence had
lapsed. The use of the Inerter is now endemic in F1 and IndyCar racing.
This methodological approach to researching leadership utilised 70
in-depth interviews and written
`portraits' of UK Headteachers and Hong Kong (HK) Principals to examine
how personal and
professional issues affected their practice. Individuals in both locations
reported that reflection
upon this procedure led to significant life-changing decisions.
Furthermore, the HK researcher who
became involved in the research persuaded the Hong Kong government to
invest significant funds
in using the approach to support leadership in a group of 13 special
schools, thus demonstrating
the reach of the impact, through both the extent and diversity of its