LSHTM researchers have developed four computer models to help
decision-makers make evidence-based choices about new vaccines and vaccine
schedules. These models analyse the public health impact and
cost-effectiveness of different options under different assumptions and
scenarios on a country-by-country basis. They are used by national
immunisation managers and key decision-makers, international committees
and partner organisations (e.g. the Global Alliance for Vaccines and
Immunisation and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation). LSHTM's
researchers have built on this research for WHO, informing global
recommendations on vaccine timing and schedules.
BU economic modelling research has driven increased profits for leading
Maxwell Stamp PLC, to the tune of £12 million to date. Simultaneously, the
research has benefited
the company's clients, including several governments. For example, the
research was used to
provide advice critical in helping Namibia safeguard revenues of US$700
million annually from the
Southern African Customs Union (SACU).
Independent of Maxwell Stamp, the same techniques have been used to
strengthen the research
capabilities of the Institute for Scientific Research on Economic Reforms,
Azerbaijan. This has
been integral in the successful development of new, internationally
competitive industries and the
World Bank naming Azerbaijan one of the top 10 economic reformers.
Dr Jan-Hinrik Meyer-Sahling's research has developed new conceptual
frameworks for the
analysis of civil service reform in the post-communist world. His work has
policy-makers to understand the conditions under which interventions by
organisations are successful, and has influenced the strategy and
operations of the European
Commission and SIGMA-OECD.
The research has been widely disseminated and used in international
Central and Eastern European and Western Balkan states and China, and to
date has had the
most wide-reaching and significant effect in Lithuania, where his policy
accepted and endorsed in the amendment of civil service regulations by the
Government and Parliament.
The ill-treatment of prisoners is a deep-rooted issue in several
countries of Eastern Europe, with
incidents of coercion and torture frequently appearing before the European
Court of Human Rights.
Professor Jim Murdoch's fact-finding missions to the Ukraine and Georgia
on behalf of the
European Union and the Council of Europe have resulted in changes to
structures and procedural frameworks in the Ukraine and Georgia.
Additionally, the reports
produced by Professor Murdoch and his colleagues led to a €700,000
training programme affecting
more than 7,000 judges, prosecutors, investigators and lawyers across the
Armenia, Azerbaijan and Moldova.
Since 2005, Dr Quick has created a series of practice-as-research
projects and educational workshops to increase understanding of how new
media-based performance is created and understood. Key beneficiaries have
been young people, teachers, theatre practitioners, mixed media artists,
and cultural organisations. Five new works have impacted through the
introduction of innovative practice performance to new audiences,
nationally and internationally (including central and Eastern Europe, the
Middle East, Brazil and Taiwan); pioneering new uses of digital technology
as creative practice, and sharing such innovation with both established
and new theatres and groups.
The Research Centre for Creative Research in Sound Arts Practice (CRiSAP)
works to develop, extend and support the emerging disciplinary field of
sound arts, and has played a role in defining, scoping and shaping
contemporary sound arts practice. This case study demonstrates impact on
the creative community, museums and galleries, and the general public,
with work reaching a wide audience and developing a greater recognition
and understanding of sound and sound arts.
Food Security is one of the major global challenges confronting mankind.
The Birmingham Plant Genetic Resource Group's (PGR) research and
its contribution to policy implementation are helping to secure food
supplies, mitigate the impact of climate change and maintain consumer
choice, thereby impacting governments, commercial breeders, farmers and
the public alike. PGR research on the development and implementation of
agrobiodiversity conservation strategies, specifically on crop wild
relatives' (CWR) and landraces' (LR) in situ and ex situ
conservation, has helped national and international agencies meet their
convention and treaty obligations, and underpinned food security. Their
work has provided the necessary scientific foundation for global, European
and UK impact: assisting the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation
establish a global network for CWR in situ conservation, the
European Commission create an inventory of traditional crop varieties and
the UK government inclusion of CWR and LR diversity in environmental
stewardship schemes, actions taken on the basis of the group's advice.
Fair and effective complaints procedures are essential to maintaining
public trust and confidence in
the police, protecting against cultures of impunity and establishing
undertaken at the University of Manchester (UoM) has formulated a
regulatory approach to police
complaints determination that is fair, effective and human rights
compliant. The research has two
strands. Firstly, considering complaints law and practice across Europe,
via engagement with the
Council of Europe (COE) Commissioner for Human Rights (CHR). Secondly, an
internal misconduct investigations, focusing specifically on Greater
Manchester Police (GMP).
Work undertaken with the CHR, notably the generation of an Opinion
and Effective Determination of Complaints against the Police' has been
picked up and utilised
internationally by a range of governmental and non-governmental bodies,
and is being used within
a raft of training engagements. The report `Disproportionality in Police
Professional Standards' has
formed the basis for both ongoing internal discussion, and wider
considerations concerning the
issue of disproportionality within the professions.
The research described here has informed discussion, debate,
decision-making and practice among policy-makers working on
counter-terrorism and radicalism both within and beyond the UK. It has
contributed to the development and implementation of new tools supporting
counter-terrorist work; enhanced understanding of important issues
relating to terrorist psychology among professionals working in relevant
areas; and informed international legal proceedings. These insights have
strengthened and informed UK and international policy formulation and
helped to generate strategies and practical tools for the implementation
of counter-terrorism measures.
The impact of the research at Loughborough University from 1999 to date
has transformed informational processes in Leicestershire Police and has
been adopted by other Police forces across the UK and internationally.
Within Leicestershire it has led directly to [5.1]: