This case study describes the development, application and
commercialisation of an open source tool, BSMBench that enables supercomputer
vendors and computing centres to benchmark their system's
performance. It comprehensively informs the design and testing of new
computing architectures well beyond other benchmarking tools on
the market, such as Linpack.
The significance of our code is that, unlike other benchmarking tools,
it interpolates from a communication- to a computation-dominated
regime simply by varying the (physics) parameters in the code, thus
providing a perfect benchmark suite to test the response of modern
multi-CPU systems along this axis. The impact of this work has great
reach: a start-up company, BSMbench Ltd, has been founded
to develop and commercialise the software; adopters have included IBM
- one of the giants of the supercomputer world (where it uncovered errors
in their compilers); it has been deployed by Fujitsu to validate
its systems, by HPC Wales, a multi-site, commercially focussed national
computer centre and by Transtec, an HPC company employing
over 150 staff; and tutorial articles about BSMBench have appeared
in magazines such as Linux Format.
This software tool spawned from our research into "Beyond the
Standard Model" (BSM) physics which aims to understand the Higgs
mechanism in particle physics at a fundamental level. This involved
simulating quantum field theories using bespoke code on some of the
fastest supercomputers on the planet.
The Beazley Archive Online Database enables large and diverse audiences to access and
understand ancient art through Oxford research. It allows users around the world to ask and
answer their own research questions and to learn about ancient imagery. It is principally dedicated
to the study of ancient Athenian figure-decorated pottery and ancient/neo-classical engraved
gems. It makes available hundreds of thousands of pictures and information-fields which can be
browsed and searched in a variety of ways, according to the level and requirements of the user.
The Database is the foremost academic tool for the study of ancient Greek pottery, but its
demonstrable impact extends far beyond academia, to an international audience of students,
educators, museums, businesses, and private researchers.
The pedagogic research undertaken by the School of Law has produced an
ambitious and innovative model of clinical legal education: the in-house
live client model, which offers a university-based free legal service
offering full representation to private clients and NGOs in the form of
the Student Law Office. The Student Law Office integrates supervised legal
service in the law curriculum, thereby delivering free access to justice
to the wider community whilst benefiting the learning environment. Impact
African Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus; referred to as `AWDs' hereafter
for brevity) have been classed
as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
for 22 years. Large,
well-managed captive breeding programmes provide a safety net to restore
However, the management of the AWD population has been difficult owing to
an incomplete family
record of captive AWDs, which risks introducing genetic disorders caused
by inbreeding. A
genetically informed management plan developed by University of Glasgow
provided a genetic measure of diversity and establishes a genetically
informed pedigree, which is
used in the European Endangered Species Programme for African Wild Dogs.
This has introduced
a more informed means to manage the captive AWD population, to maintain
the genetic diversity
of the species across the European zoo network (roughly half the world's
captive AWD population),
with 53 zoos in 16 European countries (and Israel) currently
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a major cause of death in older men,
in the UK and elsewhere. A large UK trial led by the University of
Cambridge evaluated the long-term benefits of ultrasound screening for AAA
in men aged 65-74 years. This provided the basis for the introduction of a
UK national AAA screening programme in men aged 65; this was announced in
2008, initiated in 2009, and achieved full coverage of England in 2013.
Similar screening has started in Sweden, New Zealand and in parts of
Italy, and is being actively discussed in Denmark, Norway and Finland.
As a result of her outstanding research in Roman history and archaeology,
Beard was invited to work with a TV production company to develop two
programmes for BBC2. The first was a one-off programme specifically linked
to her book Pompeii (2008), the second a series (Meet the
Romans, 2011) related to her research on Pompeii and to her research
on Roman social history and inscriptions. Recognised as landmark
broadcasts (Pompeii gained 3.4 million viewers, the largest audience for a
factual BBC2 programme in 2010, and was shortlisted for a BAFTA), both
have led to widespread public engagement and (with major overseas sales)
to considerable economic and cultural benefit to the UK.
As a result of University of Sheffield research in 1995-2002, a new gold
standard treatment for major bleeding on warfarin has been established,
ensuring the more effective treatment of tens of thousands of patients
requiring emergency anticoagulation reversal each year in the UK alone.
The treatment, using prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) was
demonstrated to be superior to fresh frozen plasma (FFP), the standard
alternative at the time, and two PCCs have now been licensed for this
indication in the UK.
UK and international guidelines now recommend PCC over FFP.
This case study describes the reach and significance of research
conducted by members of the interdisciplinary Sidney De Haan Research
Centre for Arts & Health. The examples below focus on the impact of
singing as a health and wellbeing intervention for adults within clinical
and non-clinical populations. The research has shown that singing has had
a beneficial impact on individuals and influenced fields of professional
practice in health and social care in the UK and US, service delivery in
the UK, and policy development in the UK through the work of the Royal
Society for Public Health.
A University of Southampton study of Portus, the maritime port of
Imperial Rome, has had a significant influence on how the State
authorities in Rome manage archaeological sites. Its findings show that
commercial activity at the port was far greater than previously
understood, enabling academics to reappraise the site's significance and
increase public awareness of it around the world through extensive media
coverage. It has benefitted UK researchers by acting as a laboratory for
new computer-based applications and providing a context for international
industrial collaboration. The AHRC has also used the research in case
studies to strengthen its funding case to the UK government.
Since its discovery in the 1980s, avian metapneumovirus (AMPV) has spread
in poultry populations worldwide with major adverse health and food
security implications for commercial chickens and turkeys. Research at the
University of Liverpool (UoL) led to the registration of a live vaccine in
1994 which has played a global role in AMPV control, thereby safeguarding
the supply of poultry meat and eggs. Recent research and development at
the UoL has identified key control measures, relating to vaccine
application, vaccine selection, efficacy and safety, which have had a
significant impact on poultry health and consequently, poultry producers
and consumers. In particular, demonstration that live AMPV vaccines can
revert to virulence, that vaccine type applied influences field protection
and that continuous use of a single vaccine can influence circulating
field strains, has resulted in UoL leading policy making with regard to
current AMPV vaccine protocols.