Innovative geochemical research led by Selby at Durham has permitted
savings of up to $70M in global mineral and petroleum exploration
programmes (e.g., Andes of S. America; West of Shetlands oilfields).
Selby's research has developed a unique geochemical toolbox using rhenium,
osmium, platinum and palladium that constrain more accurate geological
models leading to better reserve predictions. The toolbox provides
previously unavailable geological time constraints and source
identification of resources (e.g., copper, gold, crude oil) that
gives mineral and/or petroleum companies an enhanced economic advantage by
improving reserve estimates and/or reducing exploration budgets and/or
minimising the environmental impacts of exploration.
Impact: Economic / animal health and welfare: Established health
schemes to control Bovine Viral Diarrhoea (BVD) on Scottish farms and
subsequently underpinned the rationale for cost-effective control
strategies that have been adopted in health schemes around the UK. The
farm-level savings to the industry from future eradication are estimated
by Scottish Government to be £50- £80m.
Significance: BVD is a major endemic disease of cattle in Scotland
costing the dairy industry about £38M per year and an additional £11M to
Beneficiaries: Farmers, cattle, animal health authorities.
Attribution: Professors Gunn and Stott (SRUC).
Reach: The associated health schemes began in Scotland (HI Health)
and now operate throughout Britain (UK CHeCS (Cattle Health Certification
Standards) Health Scheme). The research underpins BVD control schemes in
Ireland and other EU Member States resulting in an avoided output loss of
between €500 to €4,000 per dairy farm per year.
Research on telehealthcare at the University of Stirling has guided the
delivery of telehealthcare at home in West Lothian Scotland in the first
instance, subsequently influencing decisions to adopt and implement
telehealthcare in communities in Norway, Greenland, the Faroe Islands,
Sweden, the Western Isles and Shetland. Research was translated into the
MAST (Methodology for the ASessment of Telemedicine) manual, a practical
tool which has been used across Europe by decision makers considering
telehealthcare implementation. Through the DSDC (Dementia Services
Development Centre) at the University, telehealthcare information and
guidance has been provided to thousands of service providers and family
Research at the University of Aberdeen on the economics of North Sea oil
and gas activity levels
and the potential effects of tax changes on exploration and development
decisions — and thus on
total investment — have informed government and the oil industry of the
virtues of ensuring that the
tax system produces the appropriate balance between investment incentives
and tax revenues.
In particular this work demonstrated the need to accommodate the
differential impact of the tax
system across offshore fields located in different geographic regions of
the UK Continental Shelf
(UKCS) which have varying cost characteristics, and the consequent need
for tax allowances to
avoid investment disincentives and to promote maximum economic recovery.
The University of Bradford's internationally renowned research in North
Atlantic archaeology at Old
Scatness, Shetland has provided a sustainable legacy for the region,
enhancing awareness of
Shetland's past. This innovative heritage project is a partnership between
the University and the
Shetland Amenity Trust and has been critical to new developments in
heritage presentation on the
islands. The heritage project at Old Scatness pioneered a blend of site
reconstructed buildings combined with an interpretive approach that
provides visitors with a
stimulating and interactive experience. The consideration of what was a
archaeological area as a World Heritage Site demonstrates the
international significance of the
research and its impact.
The primary object has been to reify the buried American radical
tradition through text- and performance-based focus on the US songwriter
Woody Guthrie. Kaufman seeks to establish and broadcast Guthrie's role in
the development of a radical sphere that has been largely airbrushed out
of post-McCarthyite American history and culture. The research is not to
be disseminated solely through the book Woody Guthrie, American Radical
(2011) and scholarly essays but also through a series of public
performances foregrounding Guthrie's political activism. Impact has been
at least twofold: (1) on cultural and historical awareness, establishing
through attention to Guthrie a (re)awakened sense of radical American
culture and history; (2) economic, in terms of revenues brought to
charities, organisations and venues hosting Kaufman's performances.
Research by staff of the Energy Systems Research Unit (ESRU) at
Strathclyde has resulted in
advances in the state-of-the-art in dynamic building energy modelling as
encapsulated within the
Open Source ESP-r program. This new capability enabled practitioners to
analyse phenomena and
technologies hitherto not capable of being modelled in building simulation
tools. The impact stems
from the embedding of ESP-r within companies resulting in service
improvement and job creation,
and applications of ESP-r resulting in energy demand reduction, low carbon
integration and environmental impact mitigation.
The Scottish Government is aiming to generate all of its electricity
through renewable energy sources by 2020. Research by the University of
Aberdeen has produced a freely available tool - the Windfarm Carbon
Calculator - that has overhauled the planning process for windfarm
developments in Scotland. In changing public policy and planning
regulations, and informing the public debate, Aberdeen's calculator is
helping the Government fulfil its pledge to become "the green energy
powerhouse of Europe" while protecting some of the country's most
environmentally fragile areas. It continues to guide the actions of
politicians, planners, the wind industry, NGOs and community groups.
The claimed impact therefore is on: the environment, economy and
commerce, public policies and services, practitioners and services.
Shorewatch community excavation of a sixteenth century saltpan in
north-east Scotland (2011).
Dawson's research into climate-driven threats to coastal heritage has
established a practical methodology for prioritising action and engaging
communities in recording vulnerable sites. The work has been described as
having `a major impact on international archaeology, heritage, public
engagement, and education for sustainability' by the North Atlantic
Biocultural Organisation (NABO), while the US National Parks Service has
said that his work has been an invaluable source of `both inspiration
and practical how-to research in the analysis and protection of coastal
cultural heritage'. Dawson's research is cited in Scottish
Government heritage policy and his commissioned reports have informed
national archaeological frameworks. His collaborative community projects
(Shorewatch and SCHARP) have directly impacted upon hundreds of
participants throughout Scotland, often in distant and inaccessible
places. Dawson's frequent public talks, use of mobile technology &
video, and press and broadcast interviews mean that many thousands of
people globally are more aware of the richness of coastal heritage and its
vulnerability to climate change.
Managing and conserving the marine environment requires defining what
constitutes healthy ecosystems and understanding the effects of pollution.
Edinburgh Napier University (ENU) research defining `undesirable
disturbance' allowed the United Kingdom (UK) to mount a successful defence
at the European Court of Justice in 2009 against alleged infraction of UK
obligations under the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive. This saved UK
taxpayers £6 billion in estimated additional costs. The European Union
(EU) Marine Strategy Framework Directive uses a definition of good status
for pelagic habitats derived from work at ENU, which benefits policy
makers and marine stakeholders by facilitating the establishment of Marine