Mathematically-based image processing techniques developed at the
University of Cambridge have helped bring about a revolution in the
ability to extract quantitative measurements from laboratory experiments
in fluids. Techniques and software tools developed from this research and
incorporated into commercial software are now used in engineering, physics
and mathematics research laboratories around the world on projects ranging
from fundamental research to ones with strong industrial connections.
Professor Hani Hagras' research into type-2 Fuzzy Logic Controllers
(FLCs) underpins novel control systems which avoid the drawbacks and
shortcomings of the type-1 FLCs used in numerous real world applications.
Type-2 FLCs, developed at Essex, enable challenging applications to be
realised and managed with better accuracy and robustness. Such
The Fault Dynamics Research Group (FDRG) have designed and executed
analogue experiments to replicate the 3D/4D geometry of oil and gas
exploration targets. The main beneficiaries are the international
petroleum industry. The research is "pivotal to British Petroleum's
subsurface developments" (R. Humphries BP 2012) in determining the
number of multi-million pound wells required to access reserves. FDRG
models "changed the way seismic data (was) interpreted" (Chief
Scientist, Geoscience Australia 2012) in particular in the NW
Australian frontier with "BP Exploration (Alpha)....work program(s) of
$600 million" (Chief Scientist, Geoscience Australia 2012).
Two books and review/research articles in Italian have disseminated the
findings from the underpinning research on creating false autobiographical
memories and the dangers of inadequate interviewing techniques. This work
has critically increased awareness in the Italian legal system amongst
both barristers and judges, to the point of shaping the practice of
interviewing witnesses in that country. It has also informed all verdicts
on child sexual abuse by the Supreme Court of Cassation.
Over 25 years, research by Hendry and Stevenson has explored the specific
challenges faced by Make-to-Order (MTO) manufacturing companies and
developed a novel Workload Control (WLC) approach, which has been most
notably implemented in PDS Engineering. This led to significant increases
in successful bids and reductions in lead times for PDS, with a knock on
effect through their supply chain that includes large aerospace companies
like Rolls-Royce. Publication of this stream of research led to
international collaborations including in the Netherlands and Belgium,
where an EU project involving 10 firms and further consultancy work has
also led to reductions in lead times, typically of over 50%. The WLC
approach is now ready for commercialisation in the UK.
Biocatalysts provide unique activities that facilitate chemical
transformations that are simply not
possible using abiotic methods. Northumbria University researchers with
expertise in enzymes and
biocatalysis have provided biocatalysis services to the pharmaceutical,
fine chemical, food and
biofuels industries through our business facing innovation unit Nzomics.
This has generated
significant contract research, collaboration and licence agreements to
companies, including the
pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline and the services-led company Almac.
produced as a result of Northumbria University research and technology
transfer are sold
worldwide and benefit business through their use in research and
development activities, such as
the production of intermediates in drug synthesis.
Work by University of Stirling staff has contributed directly to improved
wildlife resource management in the Central African region. Innovative
research into the status and trends of key wildlife populations,
ecological impacts, resource harvests and trade, drivers of resource use
and assessing management success have contributed directly to new thinking
on the issue, revisions of laws and policy and to success in attracting
foreign aid for management issues. Stirling staff members now advise the
Government of Gabon on resource management policies, National Park
management and biodiversity issues.
This case study concerns the impact of Plymouth University research
relating to farmed fish diets,
which led to changes to EU legislation with respect to two types of
ingredients: animal proteins and
probiotics. The impact of the reintroduction of certain animal proteins in
farmed fish feeds
(previously banned to protect human health) and to the authorization of a
probiotic as a feed
additive, involved industry investment in research, have reduced the
environmental impact of
farmed fishing, improved competitiveness, enhanced yield and quality and
improved fish health
Research on the environmental safety and toxicity of nanomaterials in fishes has had a global
impact across both government and industry contributing to:
(i) Consensus building on biological effects allowing regulatory agencies/governments to
make proper decisions on the hazard of nanomaterials to farmed fish and wildlife.
(ii) Critical evaluation of the internationally agreed process of toxicity testing to determine
whether the current legislative test methods are fit for purpose and acceptable to the
(iii) Identification of national/international research priorities and policies via work with the
OECD and the US Government.
(iv) Influencing government policy to support training and information for industry.
Research and knowledge exchange led by Prof. Jefferies in sustainable
urban drainage systems (SUDS) has driven the design and integration of
SUDS into urban environments, into urban planning and everyday practice in
the UK, Europe and worldwide. This research has contributed to the
development of policies and established guidelines that have informed the
set-up of operational and monitoring systems and the reduction of a
training manual which is impacting widely on the sector (downloaded
>40.000 times). Evidence gathered through this research has supported
drainage policy nationally and now underpins important parts of urban
infrastructure, improving environments and their resilience to flooding.