The research highlighted here has had a major impact on the design of
community led planning
(CLP) and neighbourhood planning in England since 2006; initially within
the voluntary and
community sector and subsequently on policymakers' thinking. This has
shaped the trajectory of
policy development nationally since 2010 and influenced the way in which
local authorities and
other intermediary organizations (such as the Rural Community Action
Network (RCAN) / Action in
Communities in Rural England (ACRE) / Rural Community Councils (RCCs) in
approached community-led planning (CLP) and subsequently Neighbourhood
Planning (NP). The
work has had a significant impact on the NP approach and therefore on the
public through the
2011 Localism Act. This legislation led to the `Supporting Communities in
(SCNP) programme, funded by Communities and Local Government (CLG) since
2011 to a value
of circa £20m overall (which includes a 2013-15 tranche of £9.5 Million).
The case study lead
researcher (Parker) is now co-ordinating a large part of this programme
while on 80% secondment
at the Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI)/Planning Aid England (PAE)
This case study centres on research, which had an impact on a major piece
of local government legislation. The research was a comparative study of
the Local Integrity Systems (LIS) of England, Scotland and Wales. The
research was commissioned by Standards for England as part of its 2010
strategic review, which was used by the Department of Communities and
Local Government (DCLG) in the creation of the Localism Act 2011.
This Act fundamentally altered the English local integrity framework. The
research has subsequently been used by major national research projects in
corruption in local government.
The Local Governance Research Unit (LGRU) undertook a Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP)
with the Association for Public Service Excellence (APSE), a not-for-profit local government
association that provides policy and operational advice to over 300 councils. This partnership
informed APSE's strategic policy review, co-producing a new model of the Ensuring Council, which
was adopted by its national council, and used to brand and position APSE within local government.
Seven evidence-based policy tools were created through the partnership and taken up and used
by APSE for consultancy and membership services. Externally, APSE used these outputs to
increase its influence over national policy.
There is strong policy interest in more effective ways to increase
citizen engagement, including time contributions and the donation of
goods. Research undertaken at the University of Manchester (UoM) has
stimulated debate around localism and the `Big Society', directly
influencing central and local government policy. Specifically, the
research has shaped debates on the role of `nudge' mechanisms in the
generation of the `civic goods' that underpin effective public service
delivery, with impact demonstrated in two ways. Firstly, documenting and
mobilising civic participation (volunteering and donations) through the
use of innovative field experiments, including Randomised Controlled
Trials (RCTs). Secondly, demonstrating an influence on policymakers
through clear illustrations of the rigorous and scalable methodologies
that underpin the research.
Through the production of policy and practice reports, public engagement
events, provision of
continuing professional development (CPD) and training for practitioners,
and dialogue with key
stakeholders in government, the research team on sexuality and intimacy in
the OU has had a
direct impact on policy and practice concerning intimate lives in the UK.
In particular, they have
effected change in policy and public understandings of both bisexuality
and intimate relationships.
Underpinning this work is a motivation to shape contemporary debates about
our intimate lives to
further social justice and improve quality of life.
This case study concerns the development, adoption and dissemination of
approaches to the sustainable management of social-ecological systems
(SES) within the
Guiana Shield region of South America. Spanning the countries of Guyana,
Guiana and areas of Brazil, Venezuela and Colombia, this region is of
significance for carbon storage, fresh water resources and biodiversity.
Its indigenous, Amerindian
communities have a potentially crucial role to play in sustainable
conservation policy and practice.
However, local economic and cultural changes, extractive industries, and
global dynamics such as
climate change are bringing profound challenges to these local communities
and their SES.
Research at Royal Holloway has responded to these challenges by involving
indigenous peoples in
both biodiversity science and sustainability policy. The work allows
indigenous communities to
identify, through participatory research methods, the most effective
practices they have for
surviving and thriving sustainably.
The impacts of the research are of four main types:
This research addresses the long-recognised need for the development of
collaborative research to develop shared understandings across
professional groupings in local authorities. It has had major impact on
policy and decision making at strategic and operational levels on the
development and management of inter-professional partnerships in local
authorities and public service agencies in the North West of England. It
has also enabled substantial financial savings by improving decision
making through developing inter-professional management strategies, and
led to the growth of an international network of scholars through a
Special Interest Group of the American Educational Research Association
(AERA) and the development of two research scholarships in conjunction
with Cheshire Fire and Rescue Service and two Academy Schools in Cheshire
Through active engagement in policy processes, systems research at
Lincoln produced a sustained change in governmental and third sector
approaches to citizenship education and hence citizen participation.
Translating and refining the initial concepts, a network of Third Sector
organisations and universities (including the researchers) ran successful
pilot projects to benefit more than 1,300 people. This led to the
inclusion of the `Take Part' concept in three government White Papers.
Pathways to impact were two national learning frameworks, an £8.7 million
programme (2009-2011), and a £0.77m capacity building cluster (2008-2013).
The programme reached over 18,000 people nationally, who became more
effectively involved in local democracy.
Research undertaken in Geography and Earth Sciences at Aberystwyth
University has directly led
to changes in the powers and regulatory structures of parish, town and
community councils in
England and Wales, through legislation (Local Government (Wales) Measure
2011), and to new
guidance and modifications to the Quality Parish and Town Council Scheme
in England. These
changes have empowered parish, town and community councils to play a
greater role in service
delivery and community development; promoted wider citizen engagement in
governance; and increased the democratic accountability of local councils.
Since the Bradford Riots in 2001, research at Bradford has helped to
defuse underlying tensions between deprived, multiethnic communities and
between them and the local state thus strengthening community resilience
in the city. Building on global research, particularly in Latin America,
we have introduced participatory and peace-building methodologies into the
locality, but with implications beyond it. The Programme for a Peaceful
City enhances our impact through academic-practitioner reflection spaces.
Our research with rather than on communities fosters their voice in
policy, contributing to a non-confrontational response to the EDL in 2010,
2012 and 2013 and bringing community activists from Bradford's diverse
communities together to co-create the ESRC-funded Community University
(Comm-Uni-ty) in May 2013.