The Centre for Disaster Resilience's (CDR) research is leading to a
reduction in the
vulnerability of communities world-wide to the threat posed by hazards of
natural and human
origin, demonstrating the following impact;
The Disaster and Development Network (DDN) researches and facilitates the
implementation of disaster risk reduction strategies to improve community
resilience in the poorest communities of Southern Africa and South Asia.
The DDN aims to initiate life-saving health policies and disaster risk
reduction strategies through local engagement and policy intervention.
This Case Study focuses on the way interventions based on DDN research
have been implemented at local level, exemplified through community
resilience-building in Bangladesh, Mozambique, Nepal, Pakistan and
Zimbabwe. DDN research has impacted the United Nations Hyogo Framework for
Action, the latest international strategy for disaster reduction.
The research undertaken on the 2001 Foot and Mouth Disease epidemic as a
environmental and human disaster in the UK has changed the approach to
catastrophic events. By exploring a full range of interrelated political,
technological and socio-
cultural contexts of such events, it refocused and refined policy
understanding and approach to
managing similar disasters at both national and international level, by
raising the profile of
accounting for the personal, psychological and community impacts as well
as the practical
implications of such events.
People's welfare, particularly in poorer countries, is undermined by both
social vulnerability (linked to poverty, age or lack of education) and
environmental hazards (both natural and the consequences of business
activity). These factors are typically treated as separate policy agendas,
yet in practice often negatively reinforce each other to create so-called
`risk hotspots'. Research carried out by members of Cardiff Business
School (CBS), created an innovative conceptual framework and a methodology
to help businesses, policy-makers and communities to identify hotspots and
generate well-informed management strategies to deal with underlying risk
factors. Through interdisciplinary, collaborative research, the method has
been developed and applied in four countries, demonstrably aiding
governments in their planning and decision making to protect vulnerable
populations, for example, by enabling targeted improvements of vital
Over 5.5 million people in England and Wales live with flood risk.
Research conducted at the University of Surrey illustrates for the first
time how exposure to, and experience of, this risk is unequally
distributed in the population, often varying along existing lines of
social inequality and vulnerability.
The findings of this research have had significant impacts on national
strategy and policy.
Surrey's research has been used to change the Environment Agency's flood
warning codes and messages throughout the UK, as well as to inform the
next Flood Incident Management Investment Strategy. Furthermore, the
research has been drawn on by Collingwood Environmental Planning in
developing an evidence base for the UK Climate Change Risk Assessment for
Since the Bradford Riots in 2001, research at Bradford has helped to
defuse underlying tensions between deprived, multiethnic communities and
between them and the local state thus strengthening community resilience
in the city. Building on global research, particularly in Latin America,
we have introduced participatory and peace-building methodologies into the
locality, but with implications beyond it. The Programme for a Peaceful
City enhances our impact through academic-practitioner reflection spaces.
Our research with rather than on communities fosters their voice in
policy, contributing to a non-confrontational response to the EDL in 2010,
2012 and 2013 and bringing community activists from Bradford's diverse
communities together to co-create the ESRC-funded Community University
(Comm-Uni-ty) in May 2013.