The supply of electrical energy to centres of demand is an increasingly
important issue as our power generation sources decarbonise. Without
innovation in our use of high voltage cables, security of supply to our
major cities cannot be guaranteed. Our research has:
Newcastle University's fundamental research into the automated synthesis of asynchronous
systems and metastability analysis has resulted in new technologies that have been adopted
worldwide by the microprocessor industry and educational sectors. In particular, Newcastle's
asynchronous design methods and tools based on Petri nets have been used by the industry
leading vendor Intel Corporation for their switch silicon technology, on which most transactions on
the NYSE and NASDAQ (with combined daily volume of trade exceeding £80 billion) now rely.
Oracle Corporation used the results of Newcastle's metastability analysis research for building their
SPARC series of servers, marketed as having "world's fastest microprocessor".
Loughborough University's (LU) interdisciplinary model based systems
engineering (MBSE) research (2001-2010) has directly enabled life-saving
operations by i) Developing synthetic vision systems to improve the safety
of emergency services helicopter operations involving low level flight
during day, night, all weather and conditions of zero visibility, and ii)
Saving lives through a reduction in morbidity and mortality of babies born
with congenital heart defects.
The impact translates directly into significant cost savings and safety
risk reductions in expensive flight trials costing millions of pounds by
BAE Systems [5.1], and in supporting clinical practice/surgical
interventions by University Hospital of Rennes [5.2] with a
reduction in the morbidity and mortality of babies born with congenital
heart defects in Brittany, France.
Aston University has developed systems thinking, specifically soft
systems thinking, into a new approach known as the Process Orientated
Holonic (PrOH) Modelling Methodology which has been used to model, debate
and implement changes to strategy and operational processes in service and
manufacturing organisations. Through PrOH Modelling our research has
changed the awareness, use, and long term legacy effect in a variety of
organisations as exemplified here by 4 cases in which considerable
operational and financial impacts have accrued. These impacts have been
achieved by (i) increasing awareness of systems thinking,
particularly soft systems thinking, by management (ii) implementing use
of soft systems thinking (as PrOH modelling) to give demonstrable
organisational improvement in specific change projects, and (iii) ensuring
a legacy effect of systems thinking practice, as managers' use of
systems thinking is more effective after an initial Aston University led
project has been completed.
Led by Professor Andrews, a computational method for real time mission
planning, based on
Binary Decision Diagrams (BDD), was developed in the Mathematical Sciences
Loughborough University (LU) from 1993-2003. This is fast and accurate and
can be used to
support decision-making on system utilisation in real-time operation,
which has led to the ability
to diagnose in flight faults for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
The research has changed the understanding and awareness of the
advantages of BDD, resulting
in integration into major industrial trials and proprietary software
products, including at BAE
Systems, one of the world's largest companies in an area of vital
importance to UK security and
economic development. The methodology has attracted significant research
collaborative programmes with industry.
The University of Hull has pioneered a novel method and tool for
dependability analysis and optimisation of critical engineering systems
known as Hierarchically Performed Hazard Origin and Propagation Studies
a) HiP-HOPS (http:\\hip-hops.eu) has been successfully commercialised in
conjunction with software houses ITI GmbH (Germany) and ALL4TEC (France).
Over 30 licences for the tool have been sold since 2011 with total income
for all partners estimated at £300,000.
b) The method and tool have been taken up by large organisations
including Volvo, Toyota, Honda, Fiat, Continental, Germanischer Lloyd,
Embraer and Honeywell.
c) HiP-HOPS has contributed to the specification of EAST-ADL, an emerging
design language developed as an automotive industry standard, confirming
industrial reach and acceptability.
d) The Dependable Systems research group is pursuing impact on the new
automotive safety standard ISO-262626 and have contributed to setting up
the new IFAC DCDS workshop a key forum for disseminating research on
dependability to industry.
Effective industrial design and simulation require efficient and
versatile computing systems. As a result of research performed by our team
experienced in High Performance Computing (HPC), novel software structures
and aligned hardware architectures have led to significant benefits to the
energy supply industry and to microprocessor manufacturers.
As a result of our research with supercomputing, simulation times for
electric field patterns in power components have reduced more than
30-fold, with accurate complex 3-D outputs for an increased range of
configurations, thereby enabling our partner company to achieve results
not possible with commercial software and to reduce product development
costs by $0.5M - $5M p.a.
Our research has been incorporated by Intel into their numerical
libraries and now made available to the general public supported by their
latest processor architectures. Intel now has a 82% share of processors,
according to the November 2013 Top500 list.
Newcastle University's fundamental research into the theory of
concurrency and the automated
construction and analysis of asynchronous systems has resulted in novel
technologies that have
been adopted and applied worldwide by industry. This case study describes
impact over the last
five years on the industrial development of asynchronous microprocessor
chips, in particular,
deployed by Intel for handling financial transactions on NYSE and NASDAQ
(with combined daily
volume of trade exceeding £80 billion), and the improvements in business
through the world-leading open-source ProM tools (downloaded over 65,000
times since 2008, and
used by a number of major organisations, e.g. ING Bank and Deloitte).
In 1997 ERPE invented a novel automatic machining feature recognition
technology which has been incorporated into the Pathtrace EdgeCAM Solid
Machinist Computer Aided Manufacture (CAM) package, now owned by Planit
plc. EdgeCAM is considered as one of the leading independent solid
machinist CAM package, with 10 - 15% of the world market. Related ERPE
feature recognition in shape representation and characterisation has
enabled the design of a 3D shape browser for product data management
systems. Commercialised in 2005 as ShapeSpace with £0.7M current market
value, for application to the parts industry in automotive markets, it has
attracted the US Actify Inc., as an equity sharing partner to aid
ShapeSpace to access worldwide markets.
The GRANIT system is a non-destructive technique for assessing the
condition of rock bolts and
ground anchors used to support structures such as tunnels. It applies a
small impulse to the bolt
and interprets the resulting vibration response to provide estimates of
load and unbonded length.
Initial development of the system was based on the findings of EPSRC
projects in tunnels
undertaken by the Universities of Aberdeen and Bradford from 1989-1997,
resulting in an
empirically based method. However, research undertaken at the University
of Aberdeen since
1998 has provided the understanding of the process and developed the
science needed to underpin the development of a full commercial system.
The GRANIT system is
patented, and has been subject to worldwide licence to Halcrow who have
undertaken testing and
provided a method of ensuring the safety of mines, tunnels and similar
received the NCE award for Technical Innovation Award for GRANIT in
December 2010. The
impact of the research has been in part economic, but largely on
practitioners and professional