Grid computing research conducted by the High Energy Physics (HEP) Group
at the University of
Cambridge, Department of Physics has enabled software company IMENSE to
commercialise a range of content based image recognition products. The
substantial media interest and was featured at the BA Festival of Science
Practical Waveform Engineering, developed at Cardiff, is having a major
impact on how modern- day microwave power amplifiers are designed,
delivering real competitive advantages for global communications companies
such as Nokia-Siemens-Networks and M/A-COM.
Economic impact is through reduced time-to-market and lower
design costs, leading to high- performance power amplifier products.
Examples include $40M revenue and employment of additional staff for
M/A-Com, and the successful spin-off company Mesuro Ltd., generating
revenue in excess of £2.5M.
Impact on practice is through successful demonstration of
new device technologies and amplifier architectures, the introduction of
PWE-based CAD models, and most significantly, the introduction of the
"Cardiff Model" into mainstream simulation tools.
Environmental Impact is by improving the efficiency of
power amplifiers and significantly reducing the carbon contribution of
mobile communications systems, translating into savings of approximately
£2.5M/year and a 17 kiloton reduction in CO2 emission for a
typical EU network.
Effective industrial design and simulation require efficient and
versatile computing systems. As a result of research performed by our team
experienced in High Performance Computing (HPC), novel software structures
and aligned hardware architectures have led to significant benefits to the
energy supply industry and to microprocessor manufacturers.
As a result of our research with supercomputing, simulation times for
electric field patterns in power components have reduced more than
30-fold, with accurate complex 3-D outputs for an increased range of
configurations, thereby enabling our partner company to achieve results
not possible with commercial software and to reduce product development
costs by $0.5M - $5M p.a.
Our research has been incorporated by Intel into their numerical
libraries and now made available to the general public supported by their
latest processor architectures. Intel now has a 82% share of processors,
according to the November 2013 Top500 list.
Research carried out at the University of Southampton has enabled major
players in the aerospace industry — among them Rolls-Royce, Airbus, and
Boeing — to produce more fuel efficient, longer lasting engines and
aircraft at reduced cost. The research has provided the aerospace industry
with modelling tools and software enabling companies to explore complex
new designs quickly whilst managing product risk in a competitive market.
The research team has also developed new design processes for unmanned
aircraft, which — as a result of strong media interest - improved public
understanding of such new technologies through worldwide coverage. A
spin-out company has achieved strong technological and economic impacts in
its own right.
This impact case study delivers a sustainable approach to the provision
of large-scale Cloud
Computing resources, through an international research collaboration. Such
a platform enables the
widening of participation in Higher Education (HE) across nations, by
transforming the provision of
IT system resources. The transformation is achieved through the effective
sharing and utilisation of
flexibly reconfigurable computing resources, whilst reducing the impact
upon global carbon
emissions. Significantly, the international nature of this research has
been recognised by
considerable funding from both Chinese and UK agencies. Additionally, the
creation of closer
research links between international partners has resulted in industrial
Led by Professor Andrews, a computational method for real time mission
planning, based on
Binary Decision Diagrams (BDD), was developed in the Mathematical Sciences
Loughborough University (LU) from 1993-2003. This is fast and accurate and
can be used to
support decision-making on system utilisation in real-time operation,
which has led to the ability
to diagnose in flight faults for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
The research has changed the understanding and awareness of the
advantages of BDD, resulting
in integration into major industrial trials and proprietary software
products, including at BAE
Systems, one of the world's largest companies in an area of vital
importance to UK security and
economic development. The methodology has attracted significant research
collaborative programmes with industry.
The invention of a novel component-based model and approach for rapid
distributed software development are the core research results for this
case study. Using our methodology we have built a fully functional
platform — the Grid Integrated Development Environment (GIDE) — which has
been used for the development of user applications by several industrial
partners. The main economic impact of our work is the new component-based
development process resulting in much higher productivity and shorter
development cycle. In addition, the four new international standards
approved by ETSI provide impact on the wider professional community in the
areas of grid and cloud computing.
PERMIS is a suite of open source security software, written mostly in
Java, which provides an application-independent, standards-based,
authorisation infrastructure that enables software developers to
incorporate state of the art authorisation functionality into their
systems with a minimum of effort.
PERMIS has been integrated into a wide variety of environments including
grids, clouds and more specialised domains, leading to more secure systems
for end users at a reduced cost of implementation; for example, the Swiss
Ministry of Defence has adapted PERMIS for use in an air force
application. It consistently gets more than 1000 downloads per year, with
over 100 new users registering annually.
The impact relates to improved productivity, operational efficiency,
working practice and knowledge
management within the European maritime industry through the use of a
Platform (VIP). The platform is a software package developed within the
University of Strathclyde
that has been used by eleven European ship design, engineering and project
consultancies, which specialise in the application of advanced
computational design, analysis and
physical modelling techniques within projects on an international scale.
Specific company benefits
of using the VIP include: 67% reduction in process time; guaranteed data
productivity of 15 hours/day from automated over-night operation;
capturing and reuse of expertise;
cost effectiveness (lack of data consistency typically costs €100k per
project); and ease of
operation within complex design processes.
Automotive design analysis software based on qualitative reasoning
research in the Advanced Reasoning Group at Aberystwyth is deployed at
more than 200 automotive and aeronautic OEMs and Tier 1 suppliers
world-wide. The software necessitates companies changing their process for
performing design analysis, and companies are willing to do this because
of the attendant benefits.
The major benefits of use of the software are early feedback on potential
problems with the design of automotive systems, and improved safety of
automotive designs. Related benefits are improved product time to market,
and cost savings. A representative example of production savings of $2.5
million has been given for use of the software on a single product design,
as well as Ford Motor Company's estimate of $20M per year saved in just