Research into more accurate methods for measuring deprivation and `need'
at the neighbourhood, `small area level', has led to older methods being
abandoned. This has shaped government policy and practice, leading to the
UK, local and central government changing where, geographically, to focus
millions of pounds of spend. Our methods (Index of Multiple Deprivation
(IMD) and Health Poverty Index (HPI)) are now used extensively in public,
political and media discourses as the main reference point for any
discussion of the distribution of need across the UK. The IMD has now also
been adopted by the governments of South Africa, Nambia and Oman.
Research by Sauer and collaborators on the relationship between large
imperial powers (`superpowers') and subject populations at the borders of
empire has influenced public debate in Britain. Through a series of public
debates and lectures, the provision of information to public services, as
well as the display of key archaeological finds in a museum context, the
research has increased public awareness of complex and long-standing
issues surrounding immigration and integration, military occupation, civic
status, and imperial expansion and rule.
Initial research into polymer nanocomposites and their formation took
place at Strathclyde from 2000 - 2010. This was followed by a
collaboration with the world's largest manufacturer of composite kitchen
sinks, Carron Phoenix Limited, through a 6-year Knowledge Transfer
Partnership (KTP) which resulted in a successful new production process of
its high-end synthetic granite kitchen sinks. This led to £4 million of
capital investment in new production facilities at their Falkirk site,
enabling the company to sustain its leading position in the designer
kitchen sink market and retain its workforce of over 400 employees in
central Scotland, including the 170 workers in the composite sink division
in Falkirk. Within the REF period, the research has led to the manufacture
and sale of in excess of one million kitchen sinks, generating sales
revenue in excess of over £50M and supporting the UK economy.
Significant economic impact was achieved as a result of research into
and their formation, conducted at WestCHEM from 2000 to 2010.
Collaboration over the six-year
period 2004-2010 with Carron Phoenix Ltd, the world's largest manufacturer
of composite `granite'
kitchen sinks, led to nanocomposite technology being incorporated into
over one million sinks,
generating income for the company in excess of £50M from 2007 to the
present day. Considerable
production efficiency gains saved in excess of £1M annually through the
manufacturing time, the reduction of raw materials wastage, and the
reduction in landfill costs (and
commensurate environmental benefit) for failed and out-of-spec products.
In addition, a £4M
capital investment by the company at the Falkirk plant was secured,
enabling the company to
sustain its leading position in the designer kitchen sink market. With the
designated as the parent company's competency centre for composite sink
employment for 170 workers was secured.
University of Glasgow-led research on assessment and learning directly
shaped assessment policy and practice in Scotland, the UK and Norway. This
included the development and implementation of the Assessment is for
Learning Programme (AifL) and the Curriculum for Excellence (CfE) as well
as changes to testing and monitoring under the Scottish Survey of Literacy
and Numeracy (SSLN). The University of Glasgow's contribution to the
internationally renowned Assessment Reform Group prompted further
curricular and assessment changes both within and beyond the UK. Most
recently the impact of the Glasgow research has extended to Norway where
it influenced the Norwegian Directorate of Education's changes to