Research at Cranfield School of Management has shown that, contrary to
preconceptions, flexible working arrangements for employees do not
adversely affect an organisation's performance. As a direct consequence of
our research, and its unique and fundamental contribution to the Walsh
Review, in 2009 the UK government extended the legal right of parents of
children up to 16 years of age to request flexible working arrangements,
affecting 4.5 million people.
The government also announced in 2012 plans to extend this right to all
UK employees in 2014.
These findings have influenced policy debates and developments
internationally through reports by the ILO and expert meetings of the
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions.
Cranfield University has conducted research in jet aerodynamics,
particularly for vertical or short take-off and landing (V/STOL) aircraft
applications, for more than 20 years, with funding from the aerospace
industry, MoD and RCUK, making a major contribution to the continuing
development of the new Joint Strike Fighter aircraft.
The impact of the research has been:
Cranfield's understanding and modelling of aircraft icing, a critical
part of the safety, operation and design protocols for all types of
aircraft, has changed the way in which aerospace companies approach the
design of new aircraft. Cranfield's research has produced high quality
predictive software and an extensive experimental validation database the
impact of which is its use in the design, optimisation and certification
of aircraft and their components.
The impact of Cranfield's icing research is in the design processes for:
Automated dry hyperbaric (high pressure) gas metal-arc welding (GMAW) is
used in deep-sea pipelines for remote repair and "hot-tap" connections to
operating pipelines. Cranfield's process can be used for depths of up to
2,500 metres. The process has been applied in production with a new joint
being made at a depth of 265 metres on a live gas pipeline. As part of the
Åsgard Subsea Compression project, it will improve the recovery from the
Mikkel and Midgard reservoirs by around 280 million barrels of oil
equivalents, worth more than 28 billion dollars at today's prices.
Components built using 3D composite manufacturing methods developed by
Cranfield are now flying on the Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft. This is
the first use of structural composites in commercial aircraft landing
gear. The prototypes were assembled and reinforced using robot automated
technology developed at Cranfield.
Cranfield's work has extended the use of composite materials into
critical landing-gear systems, allowing Messier-Bugatti-Dowty to
contribute to the use of 50% composite materials for the airframe of the
new 787, delivering weight reduction and better fuel economy.
Substantial savings have been made using Cranfield's Cost Engineering
software tools and techniques. These are used in BAE Systems, Airbus,
Rolls-Royce, GE Aviation, Ford Motor Company and increasingly in the UK
defence industry through the MoD. DTZ (Debenham Tie Leung Ltd) estimates
£213 million per annum financial benefit for BAE Systems and MoD alone,
with an additional £200 million per annum for other companies.
Cranfield's team has significantly influenced the national and
international policy of The Association of Cost Engineers and
manufacturing companies in methods and procedures. Cranfield has trained
over 700 engineers from over 50 companies in cost engineering based on our
This research enables longer component lives for industrial gas turbines
and jet engines, and development of new protective coating systems.
Siemens and Rolls Royce have improved their selection of materials systems
used in components in the hot gas paths e.g. blades, vanes, discs, and
seals. Degradation mechanisms in operating turbines, or anticipated in
future materials systems, limit the lives of these components and the
efficiencies of systems. New functionally graded coatings were created
that are highly resistant to hot corrosion and oxidation. Methodology has
been adopted in ISO standards BS ISO 26146:2012, BS ISO 14802:2012 and
New characterisation tools for natural organic matter (NOM) in drinking
water are now used as standard practice within water companies such as
Severn Trent Water, United Utilities and Yorkshire Water. The tools inform
decisions, and help develop strategic plans on catchment management,
source selection, treatment optimisation, and disinfection practice. Water
companies experienced difficulties in treating high levels of NOM.
Cranfield created a novel characterisation toolkit to measure NOM for its
electrical charge and hydrophobicity. Also, new techniques for measuring
aggregate properties and emerging disinfection by-products have provided a
comprehensive analysis. Two novel treatment technologies are currently
marketed. These technologies have raised international interest, resulting
in industrial development in Australia.
New analytical methods have been used in commercial applications for the 2012 Olympic Park to
measure petroleum hydrocarbons in soil. Cranfield developed techniques, in collaboration with
Eurofins, to meet the needs for contaminated land risk assessment and enable the selection of
remediation strategies. Decision-support tools were developed for risk management and
environmental rehabilitation of contaminated sites. The tools contribute to end-user confidence in
remediation technology, reduced remediation costs and minimised waste disposal to landfill with
subsequent savings in CO2 emissions. Our research laid a road map to demonstrate risk reduction
and provided practical and cost efficient soil quality management tools.
Cranfield University's research in computational fluid dynamics (CFD),
turbulence models, studies of instabilities and the development of
multi-scale methods has reduced the computational uncertainty in the
modelling and simulation used by the Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE) to
support the safety and performance of nuclear weapons.
Cranfield's research in compressible turbulent flow for Low Mach numbers
is now employed to increase accuracy in CFD codes employed by the German
Aerospace Agency DLR, Pennsylvania State University, and the French
Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, which use this work to model flows
ranging from turbulent mixing through inertial confinement fusion (ICF) to