GM-6, a new maize variety developed through innovative Bangor crop
breeding research (pioneering the use of participatory plant breeding) was
released in three states in Western India between 2002 and 2005. Since its
release, GM-6 cultivation has rapidly grown to a cumulative area exceeding
2M hectares, of which 54% (more than 1M ha) was during 2008-2013, with a
major positive impact on the welfare and prosperity of at least 330,000
households per year. Because of its advantage under drought and on poor
soils, GM-6 has average grain yields 28% higher than the best available
alternative varieties, providing 360,000 t of additional food grain during
2008-2013 with a total net present value to these farm households of an
average of at least £9M per year.
Biocatalysts provide unique activities that facilitate chemical
transformations that are simply not
possible using abiotic methods. Northumbria University researchers with
expertise in enzymes and
biocatalysis have provided biocatalysis services to the pharmaceutical,
fine chemical, food and
biofuels industries through our business facing innovation unit Nzomics.
This has generated
significant contract research, collaboration and licence agreements to
companies, including the
pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline and the services-led company Almac.
produced as a result of Northumbria University research and technology
transfer are sold
worldwide and benefit business through their use in research and
development activities, such as
the production of intermediates in drug synthesis.
Research on the environmental safety and toxicity of nanomaterials in fishes has had a global
impact across both government and industry contributing to:
(i) Consensus building on biological effects allowing regulatory agencies/governments to
make proper decisions on the hazard of nanomaterials to farmed fish and wildlife.
(ii) Critical evaluation of the internationally agreed process of toxicity testing to determine
whether the current legislative test methods are fit for purpose and acceptable to the
(iii) Identification of national/international research priorities and policies via work with the
OECD and the US Government.
(iv) Influencing government policy to support training and information for industry.
The decline of bees, hoverflies, and other pollinators has been widely
described as a "pollination
crisis" (e.g. Progress Report of FAO on the Implementation of the
International Pollinators Initiative
- September 2012) which could have profound effects on both food security,
and wild plant
populations and the ecosystem services they support. Research by Professor
Jeff Ollerton and
colleagues into the ecology and diversity of plant-pollinator interactions
has: (a) provided a
scientific evidence base that has influenced national and international
policies relating to the
conservation of pollinator populations; (b) raised national and
international public awareness of the
subject of pollinator conservation; and (c) led to positive changes in UK
A team at the University of Sunderland has undertaken research into
equipment maintenance for over 20 years. This has been undertaken within a
series of funded UK and EU projects. The work of the team has resulted in
a new model for maintenance strategy, and the development of novel
artificial intelligence algorithms to monitor the condition of key factory
assets. A series of software tools have been developed in collaboration
with industrial partners. These tools and the strategic model have been
tested in industrial settings and have had impact in the UK, across the
EU, and internationally.
Mathematically-based image processing techniques developed at the
University of Cambridge have helped bring about a revolution in the
ability to extract quantitative measurements from laboratory experiments
in fluids. Techniques and software tools developed from this research and
incorporated into commercial software are now used in engineering, physics
and mathematics research laboratories around the world on projects ranging
from fundamental research to ones with strong industrial connections.
The domestic horse is often managed in sub-optimal conditions that
provide inadequate forage and high levels of starch leading to
respiratory, metabolic and behavioural disturbances. Research at the RAU
over the past five years has had a significant ameliorative impact upon
these welfare reducing phenomena via the development and marketing of the
In addition, impact of both nutritional and behavioural data has been
maximised via thorough dissemination of findings to the horse owning
populace via scientific reviews and lay publications.
Work by University of Stirling staff has contributed directly to improved
wildlife resource management in the Central African region. Innovative
research into the status and trends of key wildlife populations,
ecological impacts, resource harvests and trade, drivers of resource use
and assessing management success have contributed directly to new thinking
on the issue, revisions of laws and policy and to success in attracting
foreign aid for management issues. Stirling staff members now advise the
Government of Gabon on resource management policies, National Park
management and biodiversity issues.
Over one quarter of the estimated 886 million undernourished people in
the world live in sub-Saharan Africa and their lives and livelihoods
depend critically on rain-fed agriculture. However this region has lacked
the equipment and the infrastructure to monitor rainfall. Over the past 20
years, the Unit's TAMSAT (Tropical Applications of
Meteorology using SATellite Data and Ground-Based
Observations) research group has developed a reliable and robust means for
monitoring rainfall, appropriate for use in Africa. In addition, the Unit
pioneered the use of such data to predict crop yields over large areas.
TAMSAT data and methods are now used in food security (to anticipate
drought and predict crop and livestock yields); in health planning (to
predict outbreaks of rain-promoted diseases such as malaria); in aid (to
guide the allocation and distribution of relief food and water); and in
economic planning (to plan mitigation activities and investment in
infrastructure). The Unit's programme of development and validation has
extended the method to all of Africa, at all times of year. Our work with
national meteorological services in Africa has helped them to build their
own capabilities and to both contribute to TAMSAT and exploit it. The data
provided by TAMSAT has had major impact in increasing the resilience of
African populations to weather and climate, saving and improving the
quality of lives, and strengthening economies in developing nations.